Queens South Africa Medal
The Queen's South Africa Medal or QSA was awarded to military personnel who served in the Boer War in South Africa between October 11, 1899 and May 31, 1902. Irish Regiments took part in this war, among them The Dublin Fusiliers. The QSA was the medal issued to all who served in South Africa up to the end of the war in May 1902.
The medal comes with Clasps also known as Bars attached to the ribbon, it is possible for a medal to have no clasps or bars. There were two types of Clasp, State Clasps and Battle Clasps. The South Africa 1901 and 1902 Clasps were usually found on the Kings South Africa medal but were also found on the QSA where the recipient of the QSA was no entitled to a KSA Medal.
Initially the reverse of the medals showed the years 1899 and 1900 but this was removed when the war lasted beyond 1900. Medals can be found where the 1899 and 1900 was not completely removed and where these years are still visible it is known as Ghost Dates which are more often found on the earlier issued medals.
All medals awarded to the military have Name Rank and Service Number. Commissioned Officers do not have a service number
Medals also usually have the Corps or Regiment on them
The King's South Africa Medal
The King's South Africa Medal or KSA was awarded to all troops who served in the Boer War in South Africa on or after 01 January 1902, and completed 18 months service before 01 June 1902. The medal was not issued alone but always with the Queen's South Africa Medal or QSA.
The KSA was awarded only to those troops who fought in 1902, and who had served for 18 months. Service did not have to be continuous, but even with continuous service the recipient would have had to serve from December 1900 to have 18 months service before the war ended in May 1902 (and commencing before the death of Queen Victoria on 22 January 1901). Hence the majority of participants qualified for the QSA only.
As with the Queens South Africa Medal the KSA was named with the soldiers Name Rank and Service Number.
The KSA also contained the Corps or Regiment the soldier served with.