The 1916 Rising
The links below contain more information on the people who served in the various garrisons in Dublin and other parts of the country. Click on the image or on the 1916 Rising link on the left.
Click on the image for more details of those who served in Galway during Easter Week.
Click on the image for more details of those who served in Louth during Easter Week.
The information contained on this site is drawn from various locations including Newspaper Archives, Period Publications, The Commonwealth War Graves Commission, Ireland’s Memorial Record, The Irish Military Archive, the UK National Archive, various rolls compiled over the years of veterans of the 1916 Rising and other conflicts, cemetery records and information submitted by visitors to the website. All the information has been verified as far as practical, errors and omissions exempt.
The 1936 Roll of 1916 Rising Participants
The article below appeared in The Irish Times newspaper on the 25th of May 1936 and reports on the presentation of scrolls to President de Valera. The article is interesting in that it gives the numbers of those who took part in the 1916 Rising as 1599. Note that the numbers of Dead given is not the number Killed in Action during the 1916 Rising but the number of 1916 Volunteers who were dead in 1936.
The number of dead given in the article is 273 and these would have been issued with posthumously awarded Named and Number 1916 Medals in 1941. Others may have died between May 1936 and the presentation of the medal in 1941 but it gives an indication as to how many Named and Numbered 1916 Medals were awarded.
Memories of the Dead
Roll of Honour of 1916
Presentation to Mr. de Valera
To the accompaniment of rolling drums and the strains of “Dead march” Mr. de Valera, President of the Irish Free State Executive Council, yesterday received the Roll of Honour, 1916.
The scroll, bound in black tulle, bearing the name of those who fell in the fighting during the Easter Week (1916) Rising, was presented to the President by Commandant Joseph O’Connor, in the presence of several thousand people, outside government buildings, Merrion street, yesterday morning.
Afterwards Mr. de Valera received from the senior surviving officer of each garrison the scrolls bearing the name of the men who participated in hostilities, and formally handed them to Mr. Liam Gorgan, Keeper of the National Museum. The scrolls will be preserved in the museum.
President takes Salute
Standing of a raised dais, the President then took the salute from over 1,000 men, members of the different 1916 garrisons, who had marched in processional order from St Stephen’s Green, led by the St. James’s Brass and Reed band.
The President emerged from Government Buildings through a guard of honour, composed on one side by officers representing all the sections of the Regular Army and Volunteer Force, and on the other by members of the Dublin Metropolitan Guards, Civic Guards, and Detective Branch, all drawn from the ranks of 1916 men.
A detachment of the regular Army, under commandants Hegarty and McGrath, and a company of Volunteers, under Lieutenant V. de Valera, headed by the No. 1 Army band, rendered military honours, while a section of cavalry in full-dress uniform lined both ends of the street.
The crash of rifles be brought to the “Present” heralded the approach of the President, who was followed by members of the Executive Council, representatives of the judiciary, and relatives of the Easter Week leaders.
Sections of Cumann na mBan took part in the march passed which followed.
Among those who marched in the ranks of the 1916 men were: - Mr. Sean MacEntee, Minister for Finance; Mr. Oscar Taynor, T.D.; Mr P. Belton, T.D.; Mr. Frank Fahy, Speaker of the Dail, and Mr. J.J. Walsh.
One of the last signatures to be put on the Roll of the survivors was that of Mr. Liam Raftis, Borough Treasurer, Waterford, who signed on the steps of the University College Church, St. Stephen’s green, prior to the Requiem Mass which was offered there yesterday morning for the dead members of the Boland’s Mill garrison. The mass was attended by Mr. de Valera, who was received on the steps of the church by the Rev. J. Flavin, C.C. The Mass was celebrated by the Rev. P.J. Deering, C.C.
The officers who made the presentation and the numbers of the names on each scroll were as follows.
G.P.O. garrison Liam Cullan 58 Dead 323 Survivors.
Ashbourne Mr. Charles Weston 13 Dead 46 Survivors.
Boland’s Mill Mr. Liam Kavanagh 29 Dead 144 Survivors.
City Hall Mr. James O’Shea 30 Dead and 30 Survivors.
Dublin Union Mr. Seamus Murphy 35 Dead and 165 Survivors.
Four Courts Nicholas Laffan 53 Dead 370 Survivors.
Jacob’s Mr T. Slater 36 Dead 140 Survivors
Stephen’s Green Mr. H. Nicholls 29 Dead 108 Survivors.
Among those present were; Colonel Broy, Chief Commissioner, Civic guard; Assistant Commissioners Walsh and Cullen, Chief Superintendent Clarke, Miss Pearse, T.D.; Mr. Hugh Kennedy, Chief Justice; Senator E. Duggan, Senator Mrs. Wyes Power, Miss Wyes Power, Senator L. O’Neill, Mr. P.J. Little, parliamentary Secretary to the President. Senator Mr. M. Staines and Commandant P. Holohan acted as assistant marshals.
The Opposing Forces
The Rebel forces had various meeting places or Muster Points around Dublin. The number of Volunteers who gathered at the Muster Points is given below. The numbers are compiled from various original source documents in the Irish National Archive. From information from the Irish and UK National Archives the strength of the Rebel Forces can be reliably put at 1,500.
1st Dublin City Battalion Irish Volunteers Muster Point, Liberty Hall, this Battalion set up Headquarters in the GPO under the command of Pearse, Connolly and Plunkett. Muster, 150 which increased to 350 as news of the Rising spread.
D Company 1st Dublin Battalion Irish Volunteers, part of the 1st Battalion above. Commandant E. Daly Vice-Commandant P. Beaslia Muster Point, Blackhall Street. Muster, 250.
2nd Dublin City Battalion I.V. Commandant, T MacDonagh Vice-Commandant Major J MacBride Muster Point Saint Stephen’s Green Muster, 200.
3rd Dublin City Battalion I.V. Commandant E. de Valera Muster Point, Brunswick Street, Earlsfort Terrace and Oakley Road Muster, 130.
4th Dublin City Battalion I.V. Commandant E. Céannt Vice-Commandant, C Brugha Muster Point, Emerald Square, Dolphin’s Barn Muster, 100.
5th North Dublin Battalion I.V. Commandant T. Ashe Muster Point Knocksedan, Swords Muster, 60.
Irish Citizens Army Captain S. Connolly Muster Point Liberty Hall Muster, 50.
Kimmage Garrison Captain G. Plunkett Muster Point, Kimmage (Plunkett Family Estate) Muster, 56.
British Forces who Fought During the Rising
From Left Capt. the Marquis of Anglesey Brig.-Gen. Hutchinson, Capt. Bucknill, General Sir John Maxwell, Col. Taylor, Capt. Prince Alexander of Battenberg, Gen. Byrne and Col. Stanton.
Although difficult it is possible to research British soldiers who served in Ireland before 1922. Because Ireland was regarded as home no medals were awarded for any action these soldiers took part in. Below is a list of British regiments who fought during the 1916 Rising. The list is a result of research into the period and as such may not be complete.
The Curragh Camp Kildare
Because WW1 was in progress in 1916 the majority of troops stationed in Ireland were either reserve or extra reserve troops. (R) = Reserve, (ER) = Extra Reserve.
3rd Cavalry Brigade (R)
5th Battalion (Prince of Wales) The Leinster Regiment (ER)
5th Battalion The Royal Dublin Fusiliers (ER)
8th Cavalry Brigade (R) made up of the 16th/17th Lancers, King Edward’s Horse and Dorset/Oxfordshire Yeomanry.
9th Cavalry Regiment (R) made up of 3rd/7th Hussars and 2nd/3rd County of London Yeomanry.
25th Infantry Brigade (R) (Not a full Brigade)
10 Cavalry Regiment (R) made up of 4th/8th Hussars, Lancashire Hussars, Duke of Lancaster’s/Westmoreland/Cumberland Yeomanry.
Royal Barracks (now Collins Barracks). 10th Service Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers
Richmond Barracks 3rd Reserve Battalion Royal Irish Regiment.
Marlborough Barracks, Phoenix Park, 6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment ex-3rd Reserve Cavalry Brigade made up of 5th/12th Lancers, City of London/1st County of London Yeomanry.
Portobello Barracks 3rd Reserve Battalion Royal Irish Rifles
The following is a list of troops, which were sent from various locations around England.
Georgius Rex was a small force of mainly elderly men who had formed a type of ‘home guard’ at the beginning of World War 1. Members wore uniform and were armed. The Georgius Rex involvement in the 1916 Rising was somewhat accidental as the extract from a newspaper of the time illustrates.
'On Monday afternoon, the Volunteers fired on columns of the elderly Home Defense Force styled Georgius Rex (King George) and nicknamed ‘Gorgeous Wrecks’ by Dubliners, killing or injuring a number of them. The members of the Home Defense Force were on their way home from maneuvers; they were in uniform and carried rifles but had no ammunition, so in effect they were unarmed. There was a violent public reaction when the news spread that the Volunteers had shot these unarmed elderly men; Pearse issued an order prohibiting his Forces from firing on anybody who was unarmed, whether in uniform or not.'
One of the GR men who died as a result of wounds received in this incident was Francis Browning. He died two days later on the 26th of April from a single head wound. He was 47 years old. Members of the Irish Rugby Football Union Volunteer Training Corps who erected a memorial on his grave in Dean's Grange Cemetery. See War grave of the 1916 Rising link.
Although the Volunteer Corps (Georges Rex) appeared to be and were treated by the media at the time as a harmless bunch of old men playing soldiers the Volunteer Corps did play an important role, along with other voluntary organisations, during the 1916 Rising. Below is a report published in the national newspaper a few days after the Rising.
Kingstown Volunteer Corps
The Kingstown Volunteer (GR) Corps were paid a high compliment by General Sir John Maxwell, the General officer Commanding the Troops in Ireland, who, on Tuesday, 9th May, accorded the Corps the official recognition of an inspection by Major-General Sandbach, the General Officer commanding the Dublin area. The inspection took place in front of the Royal marine Hotel, where the members of the Kingstown and district Volunteer (GR) Corps paraded on the green, along with the local corps of Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, nurses of the St. John’s Ambulance Association, and a number of special constables. During the previous fortnight all these bodies had lent active assistance to the military.
The Kingstown and District Volunteer Corps, which is affiliated to the Irish Association Volunteer Training Corps, whose headquarters are at Beggar’s Bush Barracks, in the very beginning of the rebellious outbreak offered its services to the military authorities. These were accepted, and the Volunteers were afterwards the very guides and lights to the military in what to them was a strange terrain. In the early stages of the insurrections Volunteers undertook the protection of the local gas works. Night and Day they assisted in the work at the town barriers, to which they were deputed under general orders. The chief officer, Mr T Morgan Good, was appointed Town Commandant, and to him the Provost Marshal expressed his appreciation of the Corps’ services, and declared that they had been indispensable. Amongst the many efficient services rendered by the Corps was that of organising a supply of motorcars, motorcycles, and bicycles for the use of the military. The Corps also policed the Carlisle Pier and the railway stations with the military. The Boy Scouts were most useful, acting as messengers and assistant at the soldiers’ buffet, while the Girl Guides afforded a great deal of very acceptable service in a variety of offices. They assisted in the heavy work of issuing permits. Miss Nancy Gosling gave her services voluntarily as typist to the APM, and Miss Baird and Miss Lucy Gosling acted in the same office as telephone clerks.
The Volunteers paraded in front of the Marine Hotel to the number of 75, including all ranks, and were under the command of their officer – Mr T Morgan Good, Town Commandant: Mr S A Quan Smith, Mr R Norman Potterton, Mr EF Scanlan, and Dr Matthew Good. Fifty of the Volunteers wore uniform and about 24 or 26, with some special constables, were in mufti. There were some 40 Boy Scouts on the ground, under the command of Mr SA Quan Smith senior Vice-President for the county, and Mr Evelyn Wilkinson, acting Scout Master. Sixteen Girl Guides, in their neat navy blue uniforms, also under the command of Mr Quan Smith, were present, and three nurses, representing the St. Johns Ambulance Association – viz., Mrs Robinson, Lady Corps Superintendent, Co Dublin; Mrs Middleton Curtis, Lady Corps Treasurer, City of Dublin, and Miss Mowbray, Lady Divisional Superintendent. About 250 men, new drafts for the North Midland Divisional Artillery, were also paraded.
Major-General Sandbach made close and interested inspection of the Volunteers, who were drawn up in two lines. He questioned many, and spoke in flattering terms of the parade to Mr Good. He inspected the Boy Scouts and girl Guides very carefully, and especially noted those wearing war service badges, granted for aid to the military since the war began in 1914.
Having inspected the Girl Guides and Nurses, Major-general Sandbach said Sir John Maxwell had asked him to convey his thanks for the work they had done during the crisis.
Fighting in Dublin During The Rising
The account below of the fighting in Dublin during the 1916 Rising comes mainly from Dispatches issued by Sir John Maxwell and gives a good idea of which regiments and corps were involved in the fighting and where they were situated during the Rising. It is obvious from newspaper reports and those Killed in Action that many soldiers from other Regiments and Corps who were in or near Dublin when the Rising started volunteered their services. On Easter Monday, 24th April, at 12.15 p m., a telephone message was received from the Dublin Metropolitan Police saying Dublin Castle was being attacked by armed Sinn Feiners. This was immediately confirmed by the Dublin Garrison Adjutant, who reported that, in the absence of Colonel Kennard, the Garrison Commander, who had left his office shortly before, and was prevented by the rebels from returning, he had ordered all available troops from Portobello, Richmond, and Royal Barracks to proceed to the Castle, and the 6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment towards Sackville street. The fighting strength of forces in Dublin at the outbreak of the Rising was:
6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment, 35 officers, 851 other ranks.
3rd Royal Irish Regiment, 18 officers, 385 other ranks.
10th Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 37 officers, 430 other ranks.
3rd Royal Irish Rifles, 21 officers, 650 other ranks.
Of these troops an inlaying piquet of 400 men, which for some days past had been held in readiness, proceeded at once, and the remainder followed shortly afterwards.
At 12.30 p.m. a telephone message was sent to General Officer Commanding, Curragh, to mobilise the mobile column, which had been arranged to meet any emergency, and to despatch it dismounted to Dublin by trains which were being sent from Kingsbridge. This column, under the command of Colonel Portal, consisted of 1,600 officers and other ranks from the 3rd Reserve Cavalry Brigade. During the day the following troops were ordered to Dublin:
A battery of four 18-ponndors R.F.A., from the Reserve Artillery Brigade at Athlone.
The 4th Dublin Fusiliers from Templemore.
A composite battalion from Belfast.
An additional 1,000 men from the Curragh. This message being sent by one of the troop trains.
At 9.35 p.m. Colonel Kennard, Officer Commanding, Dublin, reached the Castle with another party of 86 men of the 3rd Royal Irish Regiment. The defence of the docks at North Wall was undertaken by Major H. F. Somerville commanding a detachment from the School of Musketry, Dollymount, reinforced by 330 officers and men of the 9th Reserve Cavalry. At the time of the rising Major-General Friend, then commanding the troops in Ireland was on short leave in England, and when visiting the headquarters of the Horse Guards on that day heard the serious news from Dublin. He returned that night, and arrived in Dublin early on the morning of the 25th April. He has informed me that at a conference it was decided to despatch at once two infantry brigades of the 59th Division from England to Ireland, and that the remaining Infantry brigade and artillery of this Division were to be held in readiness to follow if required.
On April 25th, Brigadier-General W. H M. Lowe, Commanding the Reserve Cavalry Brigade at the Curragh, arrived at Kingsbridge Station at 3.45 a.m. with the leading troops from the 25th (Irish) Reserve Infantry Brigade, and assumed command of the forces in the Dublin area, which were roughly 2,300 men of the Dublin garrison, the Curragh Mobile Column of 1,500 dismounted cavalry men, and 840 men of the 25th Irish Reserve Infantry Brigade.
As a heavy fire was being kept up on the Castle from the rebels located in the Corporation buildings, Daily Express offices, and several houses opposite the City Hall, it was decided to attack these buildings. The assault on the Daily Express office was successfully carried out under very heavy fire by a detachment of the 5th Royal Dublin Fusiliers under 2nd Lieutenant F. O'Neill. Towards evening 25th of April the 178th Infantry Brigade began to arrive at Kingstown, and in accordance with orders received, the brigade left Kingstown by road in two columns. The left column, consisting of the 5th and 6th Battalions Sherwood Foresters, by the StiIlorgan-Donnybrook road and South Circular road to the Royal Hospital, where it arrived without opposition. The right column, consisting of the 7th and 8th Battalions Sherwood Foresters, by the main tram route through Ballsbridge, and directed on Merrion square and Trinity College.
This column, with 7th Battalion leading, was held up at the northern corner of Haddington road and Northumberland Road, which was strongly held by rebels, but with the assistance of bombing parties organised and led by Captain Jeffares, of the Bombing School at Elm Park, the rebels were driven back. At 3.25 p.m. the 7th Battalion Sherwood Foresters met great opposition from the rebels holding the schools and other houses on the north side of the road close to the bridge at Lower Mount street, and two officers, one of whom was the Adjutant. Captain Dietrichsen, were killed, and seven wounded, including Lieutenant - Colonel Fane, who, though Wounded, remained in action.
At about 5.30 p.m. orders were received that the advance to Trinity College was to be pushed forward at all costs, and therefore at about 8 p.m., after careful arrangements, the whole column, accompanied by bombing parties, attacked the schools and houses where the chief opposition lay, the battalions charging in successive waves, carried all before them. But, I regret to say, suffered severe casualties in doing so. Four officers were killed. 14 wounded, and of other ranks 216 were killed and wounded. The steadiness shown by these two battalions is deserving of special .mention, as I understand the majority of the men have less than three months service.
During: the night of 26th-27th April several fires broke out in this quarter and threatened to become dangerous, as the fire brigade could not get to work owing to their being fired upon by the rebels. Throughout the day further troops of the 176th Brigade arrived in the Dublin area. On 27th April the 5th Leinsters, 26th Sherwood Foresters. 3rd Royal Irish Regiment, the Ulster composite battalion, under the command of Colonel Portal, began and completed by 5 p.m. the forming of a cordon round the rebels in the Sackville street area, which by nightfall of the 27th the 177th Infantry Brigade had arrived at Kingstown, where it remained for the night.
At 2 a.m. on the 28th April I arrived at North Wall and found many buildings in Sackville street burning fiercely, illuminating the whole city, and a fusillade of rifle fire going on in several quarters of the city. Accompanied by several Staff Officers who had come with me, I proceeded to the Royal Hospital. After a conference with Major-General Friend and Brigadier-General Lowe, I instructed the latter to close in on Sackville street from East and West, and to carry out a house-to-house search in areas gained. I was able to place the 2/4 Lincolns at his disposal for the purpose of forming a cordon along the Grand Canal, so enclosing the Southern part of the city and forming a complete cordon round Dublin. During the afternoon the 2/5th and 2'6th South Staffords arrived at Trinity College, and this additional force allowed me to begin the task of placing a cordon round the Four Courts area in the same way as the Sackville street area, which had already been .successfully isolated.
During the afternoon the 2/5th and 2/6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment, which had been escorting ammunition and rifles from North Wall, and had been held up in Charles street, was relieved by armoured motor lorries, which had been roughly armoured with boiler plates by the Inchicore Railway Works and placed at my disposal by Messrs. Guinness.
Throughout the night the process of driving out the rebels in and around Sackville street continued, though these operations were greatly hampered by the fires in this area and by the fact that some of the burning houses contained rebel stores of explosives which every now and again blew up. In other quarters of the city the troops had a trying time dealing with the numerous snipers, who became very troublesome during the hours of darkness.
Owing to the considerable opposition at barricades, especially in North King street, it was not until 9 a.m. on the 29th April that the Four Courts area was completely surrounded.
Throughout the morning the squeezing out of the surrounded areas was vigorously proceeded with, the infantry being greatly assisted by a battery of Field Artillery commanded by Major Hill, who used his guns against the buildings held by the rebels with such good effect that a Red Cross Nurse brought in a message from the rebel leader, P. H. Pearse, asking for terms. A reply was sent that only unconditional surrender would be accepted. At 2 p.m. Pearse surrendered himself unconditionally, and was brought before me, when he wrote and signed notices ordering the various "Commandoes" to surrender unconditionally.
During the evening the greater part of the rebels in the Sackville street and Four Courts area surrendered.
Early on the 30th April two Franciscan monks informed me that the rebel leader, MacDonagh, declining to accept Pearse's orders, wished to negotiate. He was informed that only unconditional surrender would be accepted, and at 3 p.m., when all preparation for an attack on Jacobs Biscuit Factory, which he held, had been made, MacDonagh and his band of Rebels surrendered unconditionally. In the St. Stephen's Green area, Countess Markieviez and her band surrendered and were taken to the Castle. These surrenders practically ended the rebellion in the City of Dublin.
Throughout the night of the 30th April/1st May isolated rebels continued to snipe the troops, but during the 1st May these were gradually cleared out, and in conjunction with the police a systematic house-to-house search for rebels and arms was continued.
A Classic of Street-Fighting
By Commandant A Thompson G.H.Q.
The defence of Mount Street Bridge was an outpost engagement during Easter Week, 1916, carried out by Volunteers of the Third Battalion, Dublin Brigade. The Battalion area was bounded on the north by the Liffey, on the west by O’Connell Street., Trinity College, and Stephen’s Green; and on the south by Leeson St., paralleled by Pearse St. (then Brunswick St.), Grand Canal St., and Lower Mount St. Hence it will be seen that the main and most likely route of approach to be used by enemy reinforcements from Dun Laoghaire (Kingstown) ran through the area, and defences were planned accordingly.
Offensive operations were begun at 12.30 on Easter Monday, April 24th, by the capture of the D.S.E. Railway, running east to Wicklow, precluding its use by the enemy. Battalion Headquarters were established in Boland’s Mill, main positions were taken up and outposts occupied including Clanwilliam House, the School, 25, Northumberland Road, and Carisbrooke House. The fields of fire from these outposts covered 200, 250, and 450 yards respectively. As well as covering reinforcements from Dun Laoghaire these posts were relied on to hold the Beggar’s Bush Garrison to its Barracks.
STRENGTH OF OUTPOSTS
On Wednesday, April 26th, the strength and armaments of the outpost force was :
THE ENEMY ARRIVES
On the evening of the 25th, British transports disembarked the 178th and the 176th infantry Brigades at Dun Laoghaire. The following morning the 178 Brigade was formed into columns for the advance into the city. The 5th and 6th Battalions, Sherwood Foresters, composed the left column and marching by Blackrock, Stillorgan, Donnybrook arrived in Dublin unchallenged and in time to take part in the bitter fighting for the South Dublin Union. The right column with the 7th and 8th Sherwood Foresters, followed the main road through Blackrock and Ballsbridge, and at about 1230 their Advance Guard came along Northumberland Road.
ADVANCE GUARD ENGAGED
When they came abreast of Carisbrooke House the Advance Guard was fired on, and after replying to the fire, continued up Northumberland Road. Either the Advance Guard had prior information of the occupation of No. 25 or were becoming more cautious, for on reaching No. 25 they opened fire on the house. The defenders did not reply immediately, but held fire until the Advance Guard was directly opposite the School and almost at Mount St. Bridge, with the head of the 7th battalion close on their tail.
From Clanwilliam House and the School a well directed and deadly fire was poured into them, taking them completely by surprise. No. 25’s garrison simultaneously engaged the centre of the column. The enemy sought cover and replied with heavy fire on the occupied posts.
The fight now settled down to a pitched battle. A covering machine gun fire was turned on Calnwilliam House while a bombing party stormed No. 25. Lieutenant Malone and Seamus Grace, the Volunteers in No. 25, fired as fast as they could load while the house shuddered with explosions as the grenades found their mark. Then a bomb got Lieutenant Malone, and Seamus Grace was left to fight alone over his comrade’s body. Finally he could maintain his position no longer, and he escaped through the smoke. When the Foresters’ finally took the house they found one dead man in what was later described in despatches as “a strongly held post.”
But Clanwilliam House remained and the fight from there was only beginning. After three hours fighting its defenders sustained their first casualties, two Volunteers, one of them the section Commander, being killed. The other post having been now over-run, the concentrated fire of the enemy was brought to bear on the one remaining defensive position; this fire had cut the water-piping and had carried away the stairs in rear of one of the windows.
Capture of the House was attempted by massed assaults under covering fire from rifles and grenades. The assault parties were repulsed, and repeated attacks only added to their already heavy losses. After a time attempts to storm the House were discontinued.
Only five men were left after the successive waves of attacks broke against Clanwilliam House. At about five p.m. they were reduced to four, when Volunteer Murphy was killed.
Each window was now used alternately and a tailor’s dummy found in the house was utilised at the undefended windows to draw fire away from the others. It lasted only a short time, but served its purpose.
The enemy also tried to advance by crawling along the street channel. The first man who showed himself was shot, and the others, by gathering around him, exposed themselves and became casualties. The Volunteers’ enfilade fire, along the channels well defined line, ensured that if the first advancing enemy was not hit, one further down the line was, and this method of attack was also given up.
As the fight grew more intensive, the defenders’ rifles became red hot on several occasions. While they were laid aside to cool the defence was carried on with revolvers.
At 8 p.m. the four defenders were still successfully with holding the two enemy Battalions, but now a party of Royal navy Reserves brought a one pounder gun, mounted on a lorry, into action.
Incendiary shells from this gun and grenades started fires, which could not be controlled, in various parts of the house. Suffocating smoke swirled round the defenders, and it became obvious that the post was no longer tenable. They retired after 9 p.m. after nine hours of continuous fighting.
Sir John Maxwell subsequently reported: “In view of the opposition met with, it was not considered advisable to push on …. That night, so at 11 p.m. the 5th South Staffordshire Regiment, from the 176th Infantry Brigade, reinforced this column, and by occupying the positions gained, allowed the two Battalions of the Sherwood Foresters to be concentrated on Ballsbridge.
The enemy casualties were such that fire ceased on both sides on two or three occasions to enable the Medical Service to carry away the dead and wounded. Such truces were honourably observed, the fight afterwards being resumed. The British War Office admitted 235 killed and wounded, including twenty officers.
Much of Northumberland Road remains the same today as it was in 1916, the image above shows 25 Northumberland Road, the house is as it was in 1916, and Clanwilliam House which was completely destroyed and now has an office block in its place. Just in front of Clanwilliam House is Mount Street Bridge which spans the Grand Canal. Between 25 Northumberland Road and Clanwilliam house is the School which was also occupied by the Rebels.
The School which was occupied by 3 Volunteers each with a rifle is also much the same as it was in 1916, it is now being used as a hotel which has a nice beer garden, where, on the one or two sunny days we get a year, you can enjoy a nice pint while being deafened and suffocated by the traffic and imagine how peaceful it was back in 1916.
25 Northumberland Road which was occupied by two Volunteers, Lieutenant Michael Malone and Seamus Grace, is as it stood in 1916. A Plaque on the wall commemorates the events which took place in 1916. Malone was killed in the fighting while Grace managed to escape.
The ruins of Clanwilliam House soon after the Rising.