The Struggle for Irish Independence.
To mark the 100th anniversary of the 1916 Rising the graves of Rebels, Military and Civilians killed during the Rising were renovated and where a grave had no headstone one was added. This mass grave contains the remains of Volunteer Sean Costello, Volunteer Andrew Joseph Byrne, a British soldier Scots Guard Peter Ennis and three civilians Thomas Kenyon, Joseph Clarke and William Carrick all killed in the Rising.
Irish Volunteer Sean (John) Costello Lieutenant, Irish Volunteers. Killed in Action while carrying dispatches to Boland’s Mill on the 26th of April 1916, originally a member of the Athlone Volunteers he had been in Dublin for some time. Shot and fatally wounded by a British Soldier he was taken to Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital where he died.
Irish Volunteer Andrew Joseph Byrne Irish Volunteers, died from wounds received in Action on the 27th of April 1916 in the Boland’s Mill area, a native of County Wicklow he left a wife a two-year-old son.
Peter Ennis, a British Soldier, service number 10404 Private 1st Battalion the Scots Guards. Aged 33. Private Peter Ennis was shot dead by the Rebels outside St. Patrick’s Dun’s Hospital about 3pm on the Wednesday afternoon, he was out for a walk while home on leave at the time and was unaware of the presence of the Rebels.
Thomas Kenyon. Aged 67 years old when he died.
Joseph Clarke, aged 72. Possibly from Power’s Court off Upper Mount Street Dublin.
William Carrick, little is known of William Carrick, there are no details of his age, religion, occupation or other information recorded about him. His death is recorded as the 1st of April 1916.
Archer Liam Aloysius.
Liam Archer Joined the Irish Volunteers at their formation in 1913. He was wounded while serving in the Four Courts during the Rising. He escaped capture after the Rising returning to his work as a post office clerk. He served during the War of Independence as Company Commander 1st Battalion Dublin Brigade and as Brigade Signals Officer later Commanding Officer 5th Engineering Battalion Dublin Brigade. He was also closely associated with the Intelligence Department and Michael Collins. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and was a senior officer from the inception of the National Army, he served with the Signal Corps until 1931, he served as officer commanding Eastern Command and was also played a major role in organising the first Volunteer Reserve and Officer Training Corps. In 1932 he became Chief Staff Officer Military Intelligence and the following year was appointed Director of Intelligence a post which he held until June 1941 then serving as Assistant Chief of Staff until February 1949 when he succeeded Lieutenant General Daniel McKenna as Chief of Staff. He was the first serving officer of the Defence Forces to receive the 1916 medal from de Valera in 1941. He died aged 77 in July 1969. He was born in Dublin in 1891.
Balfe Richard C.
Richard Balfe. Captain 5th Company (Snadymount Castle) 3rd Battalion Irish Volunteers. Joined the Fianna in 1911 and the I.R.B. in 1913 or 1914, Fintan Lawlor Circle Centre Seamus O’Connor. Involved in the rescue of the “Irish Freedom” newspaper printing equipment just prior to the King’s visit in 1911. Joined the Volunteers in 1913 and took part in the Howth Gun-Running. During the 1916 Rising hetook part in the fighting the entire time the Mendicity Institution was occupied by the Rebels including repelling a bayonet charge which took place on the Tuesday. On Wednesday morning the Institute came under heavy attack, Balfe was wounded by a bomb losing the use of his legs and arms but was still fully conscious. Heuston ordered the surrender and hung a white sheet but the attack immediately resumed. Thought to be dead Balfe was left behind, later in the afternoon a British Officer and a Dublin Fusilier with fixed bayonet appeared, Balfe had regained the use of his arms but not his legs, while they were deciding if they would kill Balfe with a bullet or a bayonet a Royal Army Medical Corps officer arrived and claimed Balfe as his prisoner, he was taken to the George V. Hospital (now Saint Bricins). After Balfe recovered he was taken to Richmond Barracks and then to Wakefield before being transferred to Frongoch. He was released from Frongoch at the end of July 1916. Due to injuries received he had no further service after 1919. He did not take part in the War of Independence or the Civil War.
John Barrett C company (Dalkey), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA and Later South Dublin Brigade, National Army. Born in 1896 and employed as a Barman and Postman. He served throughout the War of Independence and taking the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War joined the National Army on the 3rd of April 1922. On the 28th of August 1922 Barrett was shot through the left leg through the accidental discharge of another soldier’s weapon, at Harbour Barracks, Dún Laoghaire. He was discharged as medically unfit on the 28th of June 1924 and received a wound pension in respect of his injuries, he had to wear a surgical boot. John Barrett married Mary Jane Blake in parish of Navan, County Meath on the 30th of January 1939. He was awarded a service (1917-1921) medal in 1943.
Alan Bell was shot dead by the IRA on the 26th of March 1920. Bell was a Resident Magistrate and had served as District Inspector 3rd Class with the RIC, he was born in Banagher Kings County (Offaly) in 1857. At the time of his death Bell was engaged in the task of tracking down and seizing the funds of the IRA and Sinn Fein, he was the 1920s version of the Criminal Assets Bureau and was very good at his job. Bell was posing a serious threat to the IRA and Sinn Fein and Michael Collins decided he needed to be taken out, a team of Squad members was assembled. Bell was living at 19 Belgrave Square in Monkstown, when the Squad had identified where he lived Squad members Paddy Daly and Tom Keogh set about watching his movements. They found that although Bell had an armed escort from his house to the tram stop and was met by a similar armed escort when he arrived in Grafton Street but travelled on the tram unescorted although armed with a revolver. On the morning of the 26th of March in Ballsbridge at the corner of Ailesbury Road the Squad struck. Keogh and Daly had raced ahead of the tram on bicycles pointed out Bell’s tram to a waiting six-man Squad team. The team boarded the tram, Jim Slattery and Vinnie Byrne went upstairs where they disabled the tram by removing the power connector from the overhead power line. Joe Guilfoyle, Joe Dolan, Liam Tobin and Mick McDonnell remained downstairs where Bell was sitting reading his newspaper. Although Bell struggled as they removed him from the tram, he did not attempt to use his revolved. The struggle lasted several minutes before Bell was removed from the tram and shot dead by McDonnell and Tobin.
Alan bell was buried in Deansgrange on the 29th of March, the newspapers reported on the funeral as being private attended by relatives and immediate acquaintances. The coffin was covered in floral tributes and being Easter the Easter lily was prominent.
Blissett John and Browne Montague.
This Celtic cross marks the final resting place of Montague Bernard Browne and Private John Blissett both died as a result of the battle of Mount Street. The inscription for Blissett is on the side of the cross.
Browne Montague Bernard. Second Lieutenant, 2nd/8th Battalion Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment), born 2nd of June 1876 died 30th of April 1916. He was the Son of Mary Browne, of Rutland House, North Collingham, Nottinghamshire, and the late Rev. S. B. Brown, he was 39 years old when he died. He was educated at Harrow Public School. Browne first enlisted as a private in the 2/8th Sherwood Foresters after the outbreak of war in 1914. He received a commission as 2nd lieutenant in July 1915. Browne landed with his battalion at Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) on the morning of the 26th of April 1916. The 2/8th battalion, who had been in reserve, were called in to action on Northumberland Road after the 2/7th had suffered heavy casualties.
Browne was a member of B Company who, under Lieutenant Daffen, made a charge across Mount Street Bridge towards Clanwilliam House. Browne made it across the bridge but was shot and wounded just beyond its north-west corner, next to Lieutenant Daffen who was killed instantly. The regimental history states that Browne died of his wounds two days later but his date of death with the Commonwealth War Graves Commission is 30 April 1916.
Blissett John Samuel service number 5592 Private 2nd/7th Battalion Sherwood Foresters. Aged 22. He was born in 1894 in Kirton in Lindsey, Lincolnshire, and was the only son of John and Annie Blissett, His father was employed as a mill labourer. John Samuel Blissett enlisted on the 10th of December 1915 at Nottingham. He gave his age as 22 years and 2 months, his address as 71 Alfred Street South, Nottingham, and his occupation as saddle and harness maker. His next of kin was his mother Annie of the same address. On the 11th of December he was posted to the Army Reserve and was then mobilised on the 7th of February 1916, reporting for duty at Derby. He was posted to the 7th battalion Sherwood Foresters. He had served for only 82 days and was one of 31 men of the Sherwood Foresters killed in Dublin.
Section Commander, James Breen, 5th Company (Blackrock), 3rd battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. He became a member of No. 5 Unit (Blackrock Company) attached to 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, during the period from April 1917 to March 1918. He was arrested in Kilternan on the 19th of October 1919 for Illegal assembly and was sentenced to 6 months in prison in Derry Jail. He was released on the 2nd of May 1920 and joined E Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade. He was involved in overnight armed guards, ambushes, raids for arms, mails, tools and other equipment and armed patrols, often driving the cars, or providing commandeered cars, for these operations. He was involved in the burning of the Kill of the Grange Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) Barracks and the attack on a tender of auxiliaries at Temple Hill, Blackrock. During part of the truce period (12 July 1921 to 30 June 1922), he took part in training camps at Company and Battalion level, before enlisting in the National Army on the 27th of March 1922 at Beggar's Bush Barracks. He served in Mechanical Transport at the rank of Private and was discharged from the Defence forces on the 28th of April 1924.
Breslin Tobias (Toby).
E Company, 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1891 died on the 22 of November 1975, aged about 25 years old during the Rising. Fought in the Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills, Grand Canal Street, Office of Dublin and South Eastern Railway overlooking Grand Canal Street and Beggar's Bush Barracks areas. He joined the Volunteers in 1913 serving until 1921. He was interned after the Rising in Wakefield and Frongoch being released on the 3rd of August 1916. He took no part in the Civil War.
Leo Broe died on the 9th of April 1965. A member of the Irish Volunteers but probably best known for his sculptors and probably the most famous of these is the monument opposite Phibsborough Library on the North Circular Road. Made of Irish limestone and sixteen foot high it was unveiled in 1939 and commemorates the men of C Company Dublin Brigade.
He is also noted for other Irish freedom related statues and his ecclesiastical statues.
Also commemorated is Desmond Broe who followed in his father’s footsteps and became a noted sculptor in his own right. A plaque at 27 Pearse Street depicting the Pearse brothers was carved by Desmond Broe and he was responsible for other noted Irish Freedom related sculptors. The headstone was carved by Desmond Broe.
Brigade Staff Officer, Limerick Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1896 died on the 24th of November 1986, aged about 20 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Bunratty County Clare and County Limerick. As Limerick Brigade Staff Officer his orders for the Easter Rising were to mobilise East Clare Volunteers and detail men to assist the transportation of arms to be landed by the Aud through Ennis and North Clare up to Galway. He mobilised 100 men at Bunratty, County Clare before receiving the countermanding order. He attended a number of Limerick Irish Volunteer Brigade Staff meetings at which he and others including, Sean O Muirthuile, Johnny Sweeney and Tom McInerney attempted unsuccessfully to persuade Limerick Irish Volunteer leadership to either fight or give their arms to those wanting to fight. He also unsuccessfully attempted to make his way to Galway when he heard of the Rising in Galway and was arrested but released on a number of occasions by the R.I.C. during the week before finally being arrested by British Military on Saturday the 29th of April. He was subsequently interned until December 1916. He was deported to England in May 1917, imprisoned from July to December 1917 and also from February to December 1918. Appointed Officer Commanding the East Clare Brigade in January 1919 he served in that position and as Officer Commanding the Brigade Flying Column until the end of the War of Independence in July 1921 except for two months period recovering from wounds received in November 1920. He joined Óglaigh na hÉireann/National Army in February 1922 and during the subsequent Civil War he served for a time as Officer Commanding the 1st Western Division of Óglaigh na hÉireann/National Army, continuing to serve with the Defence Forces as Adjutant General from October 1925 to October 1928, as Inspector General from 1928 to 1931 and as Chief of Staff from October 1931 until January 1940.
Browning Francis Henry
This stone has been erected by the members of the Irish Rugby Football Union Volunteer Corps in affectionate remembrance of Francis Henry Browning B.A. Barrister at Law its founder and commanding officer and 2nd in command of the 1st (Dublin) Battalion of the Irish Association of Volunteer Training Corps. He died from wounds received at Northumberland Road Dublin during the Sinn Fein Rising of Easter Week 1916 while returning with his men to Beggars Bush Barracks. He will live in the memory of all as an honourable comrade and a true and distinguished sportsman who by his untiring efforts and splendid patriotism obtained from his Corps over 300 recruits for his Majesty’s Forces during the Great European War. Born 22nd of June 1868 died 26th of April 1916.
Georgius Rex was a small force of mainly elderly men who had formed a type of ‘home guard’ at the beginning of World War 1. Members wore uniform and were armed. The Georgius Rex involvement in the 1916 Rising was somewhat accidental as the extract from a newspaper of the time illustrates.
'On Monday afternoon, the Volunteers fired on columns of the elderly Home Defense Force styled Georgius Rex (King George) and nicknamed ‘Gorgeous Wrecks’ by Dubliners, killing or injuring a number of them. The members of the Home Defense Force were on their way home from maneuvers; they were in uniform and carried rifles but had no ammunition, so in effect they were unarmed. There was a violent public reaction when the news spread that the Volunteers had shot these unarmed elderly men; Pearse issued an order prohibiting his Forces from firing on anybody who was unarmed, whether in uniform or not.'
One of the GR men who died as a result of wounds received in this incident was Francis Browning. He died two days later on the 26th of April from a single head wound. He was 47 years old. Members of the Irish Rugby Football Union Volunteer Training Corps who erected a memorial on his grave in Dean's Grange Cemetery.
Although the Volunteer Corps (Georges Rex) appeared to be and were treated by the media at the time as a harmless bunch of old men playing soldiers the Volunteer Corps did play an important role, along with other voluntary organisations, during the 1916 Rising.
John Byrne served with G Company (Dalkey) and E Company (Blackrock). He was issued with his service medal in 1943.
William Byrne. Company Quartermaster, D Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1883 died on the 31st of March 1962, aged about 33 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought in Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills, Grand Canal Street. He joined the Volunteers in 1914. He mobilised on the Easter Sunday and stood to until midnight, he did not get word of the mobilisation on the Monday and left Dublin for the day on his return he learned the Rising had taken place and went to join his Company at Boland’s arriving about 9.30pm. He was deported after the surrender being released from Frongoch at the end of July 1916. He re-joined the Company on reorganisation but dropped out soon after. He did not take part in the War of Independence or the Civil War.
Stephen Cahill Old Fianna and D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
He became a member of 5th Company (Blackrock) attached to the 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade in 1918, he had been a member of Fianna Eireann before joining the Volunteers. He was arrested in October 1919 while at Glencullen in the Dublin Mountains with other Companies. He was imprisoned for 6 months in Derry Jail and on his release in May 1920 he was attached to E Company, 6th (South Dublin) Battalion, Dublin Brigade serving as Company Signaller, rising to Battalion Signals Officer on the 6 Battalion staff. He was involved in the usual military activities including armed patrols and ambushes, the burning of Kill of the Grange Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) Barracks, raids for arms and mails and telephonic equipment, an attack on an 'auxiliary' tender at Temple Hill in Blackrock, firing shots at a police inspector, and was in charge of an operation to strip military equipment from British soldiers in June 1921. He was arrested after this last operation and held in Mountjoy Jail until the 11th of January 1922. He became ill for a time after his release and then subsequently enlisted in the National Army in April 1922 at Marlborough Hall in Glasnevin. He was a Sergeant Major in a signals company as part of the 15th Infantry Battalion, which operated for part of the time in the Bandon, County Cork, area. He was discharged from the National Army in July 1923 and joined the Garda Síochána on the 25th of July 1923.
Joseph Campbell was apoet, born in Belfast, also wrote under his Gaelic name, Seosamh Mac Cathmhaoil. He is credited with writing the English version of My Lagan Love and a poetic version of Spanish Lady. He taught Irish at St. Enda’s and was involved in the foundation of the Irish Volunteers and according to The O’Rahilly was one of those present at the inaugural meeting at Wynn’s Hotel in November 1913. Although he left the Volunteers soon after their foundation, he continued to recruit for the Volunteers in County Wicklow. During the Rising he carried out intelligence between Dublin and Enniskerry and also provided a safe house for Desmond Fitzgerald when he was on the run after the Rising. He later became a member of Sinn Fein and was involved in the Republican Courts in Wicklow.
Volunteer, B Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1882 died on the 15th of June 1962, aged about 34 years old during the Rising. Fought at Boland’s Mills/Boland’s Bakery Grand Canal Street. He was deported after the surrender and released from Frongoch on the 23rd of December 1916. He assisted in the reorganisation of the Volunteers and served throughout the War of Independence and was mainly involved in intelligence. He was arrested by British forces in February 1921 and interned in Mountjoy Prison until August 1921, he was released through the intervention of Michael Collins, due to ill treatment received while in British custody he was hospitalised between the date of his release and December 1921. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War, at the outbreak of the Civil War on the 28th of June 1922 he took part in fighting against Anti-Treaty IRA forces in Dublin. He joined the National Army in October 1922 and retired to the Defence Forces Reserve of Officers on the 31st March 1928 and returned to full time service at the rank of Commandant during the Emergency.
Martin Carden lived in Sallynoggin, he died on the 17th of November 1975. There is not much information available about him, he is mentioned the witness statement of Andrew McDonnell (W.S.1768). ‘Arms were to be had in Birmingham and London. Personal contact was made in both places by Chadwick and Niall McNeill, who were helped by Gus Kirby, a London medical student at U.C.D. and a member of the 4th Battalion. Larry Nugent, 3rd Battalion, went to London on the first trip with Chad and McNeill, the idea being to have a fatherly interest in the two boys as they wore school caps and blazers; hairy old schoolboys. The London end was looked after by Annie O’Gorman, then living in London. Anything picked up was sent or brought by train to Holyhead. Here it was taken over by Martin Carden, then employed by British Railways, a native of Killala, Co. Mayo, a member of the Dun Laoghaire Company and living in Sallynoggin. Martin travelled between Dun Laoghaire and Holyhead in the course of his employment a few days a week, collected his booty at Holyhead and took it aboard as passengers’ luggage, and walked off at Dun Laoghaire still carrying the luggage. This was made easy as Martin wore railway uniform and made sure to help someone coming ashore. Once he was on the pier he was always met by Tommy Gredon, Billy Keenan or other men of the local company.’ He was a member of Third Order of Saint Francis.
Dudley Thomas Carroll (later O'Carroll). Volunteer, B Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1901 died on the 3rd of September 1977, aged about 15 years old during the Rising. Fought at Boland’s Mills Boland’ Bakery. He was deported after the Rising first to Wakefield then Frongoch, he was released in July 1916. He served throughout the War of Independence and joined the National Army in May 1922. He was discharged from the National Army in April 1924 at the rank of Sergeant, army number 10680.
Carroll Joseph and Hogan John
While the fighting raged in Dublin the R.I.C. barracks in Ashbourne County Meath came under attack from the Rebels. Under the command of Thomas Ashe the Volunteers surrounded the barracks but came under attack from an R.I.C. patrol and had to defend themselves. As the battle raged two commercial travellers from Dun Laoghaire attempted to drive their car through the village of Ashbourne. Both men were killed in the cross-fire.
James Joseph Carroll, aged 24 from 9 Georges Place Kingstown. Died on the 28th of April 1916.
Gerald St John Hogan Gerald Hogan aged 26 from 9 Summerhill Road Kingstown.
Casey Alfred Leo.
Volunteer, A Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1898 died on the 15th of February 1952, aged about 18 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Boland’s Bakery/Boland's Mills Grand Canal Street and around the Dublin and South Eastern Railway Line between Westland Row and Lansdowne Road.
Lily O’Brennan Served in the Cleaver Hall, Cork Street, Jameson’s Distillery and Marrowbone Lane areas. She joined Cumann na mBan at its inception and was connected to the Central Branch, on account of living with her brother-in-law, Commandant Ceannt. She then joined Inghinidhe Branch. She was mostly active in Marrowbone Lane. At the surrender, she, along with others, was marched to Richmond Barracks on Sunday night and then to Kilmainham Jail on the Monday where she remained until the following Monday. She became a member of the Cumann na mBan Executive during the Convention of 1917 on which she held the position of Secretary. She also worked as Secretary to the Distribution Committee of the National Aid in 1916. It is also from 1917 that she started doing intelligence work for Michael Collins and was involved in the release of prisoners from Mountjoy Jail including Dick McKee and Dermot Hegarty. She also helped to start the Ranelagh branch of Cumann na mBan. She was in charge of an employment bureau for the IRA in 1920, set up by Cathal Brugha, then Minister for Defence. She was engaged in various activities such as securing houses for volunteers, carrying dispatches and general propaganda work. From 1921 she worked as Private Secretary to Erskine Childers and she resigned from the Cumann na mBan Executive on 29 June 1921. She was attached to Dáil Eireann Labour Department during the War of Independence, set up a working department under Madame Markievicz around March 1920 and was engaged in publicity work, especially foreign publicity and all publicity for abroad. All despatches went to her office on Suffolk Street. Erskine Childers requested that she went to Cork where she met Dan Breen in Fermoy. She was arrested in October 1922 and was jailed until July 1923, after which she went back to do work for the general elections.
Michael Chadwick joined the Irish Volunteers at their inception in 1913 and took part in the Howth gun-running operation in 1914. He took part in a raid for arms on Beggar’s Bush, Dublin. He was selected as an armed guard for Captain Joseph O’Connor during the week before the 1916 Easter Rising. On Easter Sunday 1916 he paraded with arms. On Easter Monday he paraded at 7am at Pearse Street for his Battalion mobilisation and was informed that C Company in the Rathmines area had not mobilised, he was sent to Rathmines to mobilise these men. The fight at Portobello Bridge meant that the city was cut off so he returned to Earlsfort Terrace and linked up with men of the 4th Battalion and remained in the vicinity of Wellington Barracks and fired some shots at British forces with an individual named Purcell. On Thursday morning of Easter Week, he was arrested in uniform, disarmed, stripped and ordered home. He reported to his Company after his officers were released from prison in England. In 1917 he was involved in an operation to buy rifles from a friendly British Army soldier from Cork based in Wellington Barracks, Dublin, he was also involved in the production of the fulminate of mercury and the making, filling and testing of hand-grenades. He was also involved in helping to prevent the arrest of the man who killed Inspector Mills at Beresford Place in June 1917 and performing armed guard duty on the rifles used in the firing party at the funeral of Thomas Ashe in October 1917. He kept an arms dump at his home at Wynnefield Road and was also involved in securing gelignite taken from the Great Northern Railway and constructing an arms dump in Sandyford and raiding an RIC explosives dump at Fitzsimons Wood, Sandyford. He took part in arms-raids on Barrington House, Dundrum; Dundrum Castle and Rathfarnham Castle. During the War of Independence, he was involved in various operations including: carrying messages to Liam Tannam in Mountjoy Prison which resulted in escape of prisoners in March 1919; the burning of vacated Kill-o-Grange Barracks in May 1920; armed defence of Blackrock in fear of reprisals after an ambush of British forces at Ruby Lodge, Blackrock and an attack on Crown Forces at Temple Hill, Blackrock. In 1920 he travelled to Manchester with Laurence Nugent, Niall MacNeill and Kirby to source arms and ammunition. During the Truce Period he organised a Battalion training camp at Barnaculla, County Dublin and took part in an arms-raid in Greystones County Wicklow which recovered 25 weapons and opened up a munition’s factory at Glencree. Takin the anti-Treaty side in the Civil War he attempted to reach the Four Courts; had a fight on Dame Street; transported landmines and grenades from Crooksling to Bray and had a fight at Jacobs biscuit factory. He was arrested at Terenure, Dublin on the 29th of June 1922 and imprisoned in Wellington Barracks Dublin; Mountjoy Prison and Newbridge County Kildare until December 1923.
Margaret Clarke (nee O’Connor). Lieutenant, Blackrock Branch, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan. She was born on the 9th of August 1894. She joined the Dún Laoghaire branch of Cumann na mBan in April 1916, later helped to organise branches in Deansgrange and Blackrock, was Lieutenant to Blackrock on its formation and was engaged in routine activities including attending parades, drilling, collecting funds, organising dances, attending First Aid lectures, attending IRA funerals, distributing literature and election work. She stored arms occasionally for Liam Pedlar, and stored documents including plans for Belfast Jail. Throughout the War of Independence, she visited prisoners from Blackrock, bringing meals and carrying messages. On one occasion she took a letter from Stapleton who was asking for bail, she reported this fact and stopped money from the Dependents’ Fund going to his mother. She helped enforce the Belfast Boycott, and she reported that Blackrock Laundry was doing work for the British, and it was raided and laundry taken. After the Merrion ambush she reported to Thomas Cassidy who instructed her to return to Mrs Pedlar’s where she found a gun and had it safely removed, before staying with Mrs Pedlars for the night, she lived with the Pedlar family at Company Headquarters at Sharon Lodge for a period. After the Cabinteely Barracks attack, she arranged a place to receive wounded men, which was not required afterwards, she carried dispatches several times a week and kept arms occasionally. She had no service following the end of the War of Independence.
Joachim Coffey was a member of D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
Catherine Colbert Woulfe, Brigid Colbert and Elizabeth were sisters of executed leader Con Colbert.
Confrey Edward and Patrick.
Brothers Patrick and Edward Confrey were both serving with the National Army on the night of the 26th of January 1923 they were both injured when travelling in a Crossley Tender car to Tallaght Camp a land mine, which had been laid by the anti-Treaty IRA, exploded near Terenure College. A report from Eastern Command states that the car ‘was almost blown to pieces, and most of the occupants were badly mutilated, and suffering from shell shock. They are both buried in Deansgrange plots 12 and 13/A/West.
Edward Confrey joined the National Army on the 27th of March 1922, he was discharged as medically unfit on the 7th of March 1924. In the explosion he suffered both jaws being broken and teeth and gums almost completely blown away. His medical report shows that he had ‘considerable facial disfigurement’, that his ‘masticatory function is much impaired’ and that his speech was also impaired, he was unconscious for 21 days. He was awarded a wound pension and supplied with dentures. he died from pulmonary tuberculosis in 1938 at the age of thirty-six. Before joining the army he was employed as a laboured. At the time of the incident he was a Lieutenant with the Quarter Master's Staff. The inscription on Edward's headstone has all but disappeared but the family name is still clear on the back.
Patrick Confrey joined the National Army on the 20th of May 1922. Patrick received injuries to his foot and also said that he was suffering from ‘nerves’. He was discharged on the 28th of March 1924 and received a £50 gratuity in respect of his injuries. Before joining the National Army he was employed as a Chief Ship's Stewart with the Byron Shipping Company, London and had served with the British Navy, as an Officer's Stewart on HMS Viceroy. He was a Sergeant with the 24th Infantry Battalion at the time he was injured.
Corcoran Thomas J.
Thomas Creighton was a member of D Company (Dun Laoghaire) 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade IRA
Died in 1916 and although the headstone erected by the National Graves Association says he was killed in action on the 1st of May the available evidence strongly suggests he was not on active service when he died, only about twenty precent of the Irish Volunteers turned-out for duty during the 1916 Rising. We have a list of the ‘for’ and ‘against’ him being a Volunteer during the Rising listed under the 1916 Rising Dead link on the left.
Dalton Charles Francis.
Charles Francis Dalton served from 1918 to 1923 through the War of Independence, Truce Period and Civil War with the Irish Volunteers, IRA and National Army. From 1920 he was a member of General Headquarters Intelligence (The Squad). He was a very active member of The Squad taking part in many operations, he was involved in attacks on suspected British intelligence operatives most notably Bloody Sunday on the 21st of November 1920 as well as operations such as the unsuccessful attempt to rescue Sean MacEoin from prison in April 1921. He transferred to National Army GHQ Intelligence on its formation, after service with the Criminal Investigation Department based at Oriel House, and took part in fighting in Dublin at the outbreak of the Civil War in June 1922 most notably in the Amiens Street area. He continued to serve with GHQ Intelligence of the National Army up to the end of the Civil War in 1923, he also was involved with the Army Air Service at Baldonnel variously described as attached to and as Adjutant. He resigned from the Defence Forces on the 29th of March 1924 in the wake of the events known as the Army Crisis or Army Mutiny.
Eugene Davis, 5th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
Dietrichsen Frederick Christian.
Captain, 2nd 7th Battalion Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment), Son of James M. Dietrichsen; husband of Beatrice Agnes Morgan (formerly Dietrichsen). He was 33 years old when he died. He enlisted in August 1914 having been a member of the Officer Training Corps at Cambridge. He was killed in Dublin in the Battle of Mount Street Bridge on the 25th of April 1916. To mark the 100th anniversary of the Rising a new headstone was erected on Dietrichsen’s grave. Captain Dietrichsen had landed with thousands of other British troops at Kingstown who immediately marched to the fighting in Dublin. On the march Captain Dietrichsen spotted his wife children cheering the soldiers as they marched, Captain Dietrichsen wife had brought the children from London to Dublin to escape the Zeppelin raids. Captain Dietrichsen broke rank to embrace his family, it was the last time they would see him alive.
Dockrell Sir Maurice
Sir Maurice Dockrell born in 1850 died in 1929 was one of the committee that was responsible for the presentation of the silver cup to members of the Trinity College Officer Training Corps (OTC) and also presented certificates on behalf of the Irish Police and Constabulary Recognition Fund. He was head of Thomas Dockrell and Son Ltd which in 1914 were registered as being involved in the business of window glass, oil, colour and cement merchants; carpet and linoleum factors; wallpaper dealers; ironmongers, decorators, shop fitters, brass founders, electricians; house, land and estate agents, auctioneers and valuators. Dockrell was active in opposing the strikers in the 1913 Lockout and complained to the Hardinge Commission that the strike was due to weak government and there was no military protection for employees who did not want to take part in the strike and he had to arm his workers to defend themselves.
John Doyle, a civilian, aged 20, 104 Ringsend, Dublin. Died on the 1st of May 1916, he was a Roman Catholic and worked as a painter. In his statement to the Bureau of Military History Sean O’Shea (WS 129) who was serving with D Company, 3rd Battalion during the Rising tell of the death of John Doyle. John Doyle who lived at 104 South Lotts Road, Ringsend, was refused admission to Sir Patrick Dunn’s Hospital. He was taken home and died after considerable agony. I was living in the next-door house (102) and my bedroom was next to his. When I was laid-up with my leg I listened to him shouting in a delirium of pain and that continued for days before he died. He had been shot in the stomach in the vicinity of Mount St., I think, and when the hospital refused him admission his people were afraid to call a doctor.
Volunteer, Kimmage (Larkfield) Garrison, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1892 died on the 13th of May 1972, aged about 24 years old during the Rising. Fought in the Fairview, Abbey Street, the G.P.O. and surrounding areas. He joined Irish Volunteers in Liverpool in 1913 arriving in Dublin in February 1916, he had been a member of the I.R.B. since 1910. He was interned after the Rising being detained in Stafford and Frongoch, he was released from Frongoch on the 24th of December 1916. He re-joined the Volunteers on released and served up to the 31st of March 1917 when he returned to England to be with his wife and child. He took no part in the War of Independence or Civil War.
We could find no details of what William Duffy did during the War of Independence. He received his War of Independence Service Medal and in 1964 received a special allowance in respect of an illness or disability contracted as a result of his IRA service. He was employed as a labourer for the Office of Public Works. He served with D (Dun Laoghaire) Company.
Martin Dundon D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
James Dwyer, Private, Irish Citizen Army. Born in 1876 died on the 7th of October 1962 (military records show various differing dates for his death). Aged about 40 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Saint Stephen's Green, Leeson Street, Royal College of Surgeons and the Railway Station on Harcourt Street. He was deported after the surrender and released on the 24th of December 1916. He did not take part in the War of Independence or Civil War.
Esmonde Captain John.
Captain John Esmonde 10th Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers born in England. He was 22 years old at the time of the Rising. He was active in Dublin during the Rising and was the officer who brought Father Austin Murphy to the dying Lieutenant Gerald Neilan who was killed in action when he was struck by a snipers bullet while attempting to dislodge rebels from the Mendicity Institution on Usher Island
In 1922 he emigrated to Canada but within a year had married and returned to Ireland where he settled in Clarinda Park Dun Laoghaire.
Both his parents were born in Ireland. His father was a doctor with a practice in Shropshire England, soon after John Esmonde was born the family came back to Ireland settling in Drominagh, Terryglass, County Tipperary. In 1910 his father was elected Irish Party MP for North Tipperary and died while serving as a Captain with the Royal Army Medical Corps in France during the First World War. His great-great-grandfather also John Esmonde was executed for his part in the 1798 rebellion and his great-uncle Thomas Esmonde won the Victoria Cross during the Crimean War. His brother Second Lieutenant Geoffrey Esmonde was killed while serving with the 26th (Tyneside Irish) Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers during WW1. His half-brother Eugene Kingsmill Esmonde was a posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross, Lt-Cdr Esmonde earned this award while in command of a Naval torpedo bomber squadron serving in the British Fleet Air Arm in the Second World War.
John Esmonde was a Home Rule MP for North Tipperary, and later served as Fine Gael TD for Wexford from 1937 to 44 and from 1948 to 1951. After the 1948 general election and the formation of the first inter-party government, former IRA chief of staff and Clann na Poblachta TD Seán MacBride suggested Esmonde as a possible candidate for Taoiseach because he had had no links to either side during the Civil War. He was a member of government when Ireland was declared a Republic in 1949. He died at the age of 64.
John Fagan. Volunteer, F Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1900 died on the 8th of August 1966, aged about 16 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought in the area of the Four Courts King’s Inns Quay, Church Street and North King Street. He was not a member of the Volunteers on Easter Monday, while at his place of work in the photographers Lafayette he saw the Lancers going down Blessington Street and decided to join the fight. He first went to the Four Courts where he was asked by Lieutenant Joe McGuinness to fetch some equipment from Gardiner Street, on reaching Gardiner Street he was sent to Dorset Street where he picked up the stuff and was accompanied by Mrs. Farrell back to the Four Courts. On his way back to the Four Courts he met with his old school master Fionan Lynch erecting barricades in King Street, after delivering the parcel to the Four Courts he returned to King Street and joined the Volunteers. He remained at the barricades in King Street and Church Street until the surrender. He was not arrested or detained after the Rising. He remained involved in Volunteer activities up to July 1920 when due to illness he was unable to take part, he went to America in December 1920 returning in April 1921. He took no part in the Civil War.
Captain (Company Officer Commanding), C Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers he was employed as a teacher in a Dublin College. He was a native of County Galway. He was convicted and sentenced to ten years penal servitude and released from Lewis Prison in the general amnesty in 1917. Before the Rising he was Secretary to the Dublin City and County Board of the Irish Volunteers as well as acting as Treasurer of Dublin City Irish Volunteers. He was involved in the Howth gun-running on the 26th of July 1914 and the gun-running at Kilcoole, County Wexford on the 1st of August 1914. There is no detail on his War of Independence or Civil War service in his pension application, he went on to serve as a T. D. (Teachta Dála, member of the Irish government). His wife Anna Fahy also served during Easter Week.
Fitzgerald William and Kathleen.
William Fitzgerald. Volunteer, B Company, 3rd battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1900 died on the 4th of September 1959, aged about 16 years old during the Rising. Fought in the area of Boland’s Mills Boland’s Bakery and the area of the Railway Line between Westland Row and Beggars Bush. He main duties during the Rising were as dispatch rider. He does not appear to have been captured or arrested after the Surrender. He served throughout the War of Independence as part of the General Headquarters Active Service Unit and with the Quartermaster General's Department. He took part in operations including arms raids at Kingsbridge Station and King's Inns and raids for mails at the Rotunda Rink and Ballsbridge. He also assisted in the transportation of arms and munitions from Dublin to other parts of the country. He joined Óglaigh na hÉireann/National Forces in February 1922 serving as Captain with the Transport Corps service number SDR913. He was deemed to have resigned his Commission from the16th October 1924 following his refusal on that date to take the Oath or Declaration prescribed under Section 21 (a) of the Defence Forces (Temporary Provisions) Act, 1923. Six of the Fitzgerald family were involved in the Irish Volunteer IRA and Cumann na mBan.
Kathleen Fitzgerald. Cumann na mBan. A sister of Sean MacMathghamhna (Sean MacMahon) Kathleen Fitzgerald assisted her brother with his Irish Volunteer IRA work duties. Her family's home and business premises were used as an arms dump and distribution centre, meeting place, despatch centre and safe house for the Irish Volunteers and IRA.
John Foley (Jack) Captain F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. He was Captain of F Company during the period of the War of Independence. The Company was involved in the usual activities, trenching roads, felling trees and cutting communications. One of the more notable events the Company was involved in was the shooting of British Army 2nd Lieutenant Alfred Breeze of the Worcestershire Regiment who was shot dead on the Ballyogan Road on the 19th of June 1921. There are quite a few different accounts as to how Breeze died. He was also involved in an attack on Cabinteely Barracks and sometime in late 1917 or early 1918 he was identified as one of twenty men drilling in Bob Soden’s Hall in Deansgrange by Sergeant Tagney of the DMP and had to go on the run. He died on the 21st of June 1959 and is buried in Deansgrange Cemetery plot 19/Q/St. Ita. An obituary was published in the Irish Press on the 25th of June.
Volunteer, B Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 20thof January 1897 died on the 4th of December 1974, aged 19 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought in the North King Street, North Brunswick Street, Moore's Coach Builders North Brunswick Street, Linenhall Barracks Lisburn Street and Clarke's Dairy Church Street areas. During the Easter Rising he was involved in the burning of Linenhall Barracks at 6 to 8 Lisburn Street. Following the Easter Rising he was interned being released from Frongoch on the 29th of August 1916. Re-joined the Irish Volunteers upon release and took part in company activities. He moved to England in 1919 in order to obtain employment and remained until July 1921. Prior to the Truce Period he says he instructed members of B Company, East Galway Brigade in the use of signalling. Joined the National Forces on the 28th of August 1922 at Portobello Barracks. Retired from the Defence Forces on the 1st of October 1946 at the rank of Acting Captain, service number 11943.
Galligan Peter Paul
Peter Paul Galligan. Captain, Wexford Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Died on the 15th of December 1966. Went to the G.P.O. between 8pm and 9pm, he remained at the G.P.O. until ordered by James Connolly to go to Enniscorthy and mobilise the Volunteers there. He made contact with the Enniscorthy Volunteers on Wednesday night, they occupied the Athenaeum until Saturday night when they moved to Ferns. After the surrender he spent two nights with another Volunteer Officer, Moran, then returned home to Ballinagh County Cavan where he was arrested the next day. He was sentenced to five years imprisonment serving time in Dartmoor, he was released from Pentonville on the 17th of June 1917. After release he returned to Cavan and was involved in reorganising the Volunteers, he was arrested in 1918 under the Defence of the Realm Act and imprisoned in Reading Gaol being released in March 1919. He was arrested again in June 1919 and detained in Belfast, he was released after going on hunger strike sometime at the end of July of beginning of August. He was arrested again in September 1920 receiving a bullet wound to the arm during the arrest. He was detained in Lincoln Prison and was released under the Truce in the middle of July. He was elected unopposed as the Sinn Féin MP for Cavan West at the 1918 general election. The following month, in January 1919, Sinn Féin MPs who had been elected in the Westminster elections of 1918 refused to recognise the Parliament of the United Kingdom and instead assembled in the Mansion House in Dublin, he could not attend as he was in prison. He and re-elected as a Sinn Féin TD for the Cavan constituency at the 1921 elections. He supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty and voted in favour of it. He did not contest the 1922 general election and retired from politics.
Gaskin John (Sean, Gascoyne)
On Sunday the 25th of April 1920 the body of John Gaskin was found in Blackrock, he died from a bullet wound to the head, the jury at the inquest into his death found that the wound was self-inflicted, the jury expressing the view that John Gaskin’s mind was unsound at the time of his death. John Gaskin was a member of the IRA and had served time in Belfast Gaol in 1918, his father believed it was the treatment his son received while in Belfast Gaol had affected him mentally. Superintendent Byrne of the DMP (Dublin Metropolitan Police) gave evidence that Gaskin had asked Agnes Byrne to go out with him on several occasions, when she refused Gaskin had threatened to ‘do something to himself.’ It was believed Gaskin had asked Miss Byrne to go out with him and when she refused, he shot her, at the time of the inquest miss Byrne was unable to give evidence as she was seriously ill in Monkstown hospital receiving treatment for a gun-shot wound to the lung. Conflicting statements about the wounding of miss Byrne were given but it was believed that after miss Byrne had left a dance being held at the O’Byrne Social Club in Blackrock with some friends, when they were opposite the playground between Brookfield Avenue and Brookfield Place three shots were heard, she staggered forward for the length of four houses where she collapsed. Gaskins body was found in the middle of the playground shortly after, a revolved lying at his side.
John Gaskin took part in the 1916 Rising and was involved in the cutting of telegraph wires on the railway line at Merrion Gates, he was arrested on the Tuesday after the surrender and after spending some time in Stafford Detention Barracks he was interned in Frongoch. In 1918 had received a six-month prison sentence when found guilty of Drilling in Deansgrange. While in Belfast Gaol he went on hunger-strike. On the day of his death Gaskin had taken part in commemorations held at Deansgrange cemetery to commemorate Volunteers buried there who had been killed during the 1916 Rising. He was also a member of the Gaelic League; Agnes Byrne was also a member of the Gaelic League.
The family name is recorded as Gaskin on the headstone in Deansgrange, in newspaper reports and other records including the Frongoch records he is recorded as Gascoyne.
John junior and Robert Goodwin were both members of E Company (Blackrock), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. John Goodwin was involved in an ambush of a mix party of Military and Auxiliaries at Temple Hill Blackrock, the truck the Military and Auxiliaries were travelling had already been ambushed a shot time before on Marine Road Dun Laoghaire. He was also involved in an attack on a Military convoy carrying General Dyer on his return from India. The attack took place on Merrion Road.
Agatha Grabisch was an American journalist married to a German, Doctor Josef Grabisch, she lived in Ireland for about fifteen years before her death. She lived in Germany during WW1 and was a friend of Roger Casement. During 1915 she lived in Berlin where Casement was a frequent visitor to her home. After Casement’s execution she organized the Irish German Society. Before Fianna Fail assumed office de Valera went to Berlin to the International Parliamentary Congress, Grabisch acted as his secretary. She was also involved with Casement’s Irish Brigade providing English language books while they were in prison. While on parole from prison one of the Irish Brigade, Michael Patrick Keogh, left an unpaid hotel bill, the hotel owner complained to the German Army either threatened to or did Court Martial Keogh, the bill was paid by Agatha Grabisch and the matter was settled. Her involvement with the Irish Brigade may have been considerably more than what is publicly available, she sent a list of members of the Irish Brigade to the Department of the Taoiseach in November 1935, it appears from this list she knew most of them. She provided the list of names to assist with the will of an American priest, Father Nicholson's, under the terms of this will those in the Irish Brigade who remained true to the cause of Irish independence and who had no further link with the British Army are entitled to benefit. Her husband, Doctor Josef Grabisch, was a lecturer in modern history at Berlin University, they met when Agatha was on a European tour. She was born in Louisville Kentucky to a well know Colonial family who fought on the Southern side in the Civil War, he father later went into politics and became a Congressman. 143/F/St. Patrick.
William Gregg aged 64, 2 Simpson's Lane, Irishtown. Married, Roman Catholic, died on the 26th of April 1916, occupation Bottle Maker.
Joseph Guilfoyle. A Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1897 died on the 26th of December 1973, aged about 19 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought on the Dublin and South Eastern Railway Line between Westland Row and Lansdowne Road and at Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street. He was deported after the surrender first to Wakefield then Frongoch, he was released in August 1916. He re-joined the Volunteers and between 1917 and early 1920 he took part in the reorganisation and served as a Squad Commander and Company Quartermaster. In early 1920 he joined the IRA General Headquarters Intelligence staff serving there until arrested and interned between February and May 1921. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War joining the National Army in February 1922 he retired to the Defence Forces Reserve of Officers in 1930. He continued to serve as a Reserve Officer with some full time service from 1939 during the Emergency until retiring at the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1956.
James Haskins was born on the 22nd of November 1904 and served with D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Fianna Éireann. His service certified and duly awarded medal were issued on the 9th of December 1958.
Hayes Dr Richard medical officer. Commandant 5th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1878 died on the 16th of June 1958, aged about 38 years old during the Rising. Fought at the R.I.C. Barracks at Donabate, Swords, Garristown and Ashbourne. He had been the Officer Commanding resigned in favour of Ashe. Became a TD (Teachta Dála Member of the Irish Parliament). Appointed Battalion Officer Commanding of 5th Fingal Battalion, Dublin Brigade Irish Volunteers in June 1915, Richard Hayes was sentenced to twenty 20 years imprisonment following his participation in the 1916 Easter Rising and released in June 1917. Hayes was again arrested and imprisoned between May 1918 and March 1919 and from November 1920 to July 1921. During the War of Independence when not imprisoned, Richard Hayes provided medical care and attention for members of the Irish Volunteers and IRA. He also provided a report on the remains of Dick McKee and Peadar Clancy at the request of Michael Collins following their deaths in British custody. Evidence on the file from Hayes himself and Richard Mulcahy indicates that Hayes was involved with Mulcahy in 1920 in developing aborted plans to use "...medical methods ... to combat the British Forces" the exact nature of these plans is unclear from the file.
Hayes Major General Liam.
Liam Hayes died as a result of a car accident when the car he was driving was in collision with a bus on Grafton Street, the accident happened about 7pm. From 1917 to the end of the War of Independence he served as a Company, Battalion and Brigade Officer with the Irish Volunteers and IRA as well as serving as a Section Commander with the East Limerick Brigade Active Service Unit. He was also involved in training and organisational activities and arms raids, he took part in a number of attacks including on Doon, Ballylanders and Kilmallock RIC barracks and attacks on British forces at Grange, Dromkeen, Shraherloe, Kilballyowen, Lackelly and Knocklong. He was wounded during the attack at Dromkeen. During the Truce Period he served as Brigade Quartermaster and later as Brigade Officer Commanding and joined the National Army. He served throughout the Civil War and served with the Defence Forces until retiring in January 1943 at the rank of Major General. He was buried in Deansgrange with full military honours, the funeral was attended by the then Taoiseach Eamon de Valera.
John Healy was shot dead on the 12th of February 1921 when he got caught up in the cross-fire when the I.R.A. ambushed a British Army convoy near the railway crossing at Merrion. A former member of Blackrock Council and a well-known local Nationalist he owned a local dairy and also worked as an insurance agent, he lived on Carysfort Avenue Blackrock. He was walking along Elm park when he was caught in the ambush crossfire. The cause of death is recorded as shock and haemorrhage following gunshot wounds, he had been hit in the neck the bullet exiting thought the mouth, he died instantly. He was buried in Deansgrange on the 15th of February.
Hickey Thomas and Christopher.
Father and son Thomas and Christopher Hickey were both killed in what became known as North King Street Massacre. As soldiers of the South Staffs regiment attempted to move up North King Street they came under heavy fire from the Rebels and were unable to make any progress. In order not to looses the lives of any more soldiers the soldiers were ordered to make their way up the street by tunnelling through the houses.
The soldiers of the South Staffs spent considerable time breaking through the walls of the houses and by the time they reached the Rebel’s position the Rebels had gone. In their frustration at not catching the Rebels the soldiers of the South Staffs turned their anger on the residents of North King Street. 15 men and boys were rounded up and either shot or bayoneted to death.
Two of the victims were buried in Deansgrange.
William Hodgins Captain Askmore B Company, North Wexford Brigade IRA and Wexford All Ireland Senior Football Final medal winner 1917 and 1918. 1917 Wexford beat Clare the match was played at Croke Park on the 9th of December. In 1918 it was four-in-a-row for Wexford, the match was played on the 16th of February 1919, it had been postponed from the previous autumn due to the spread of the flu. He was playing in a match between Wexford and Kildare in June 1920 when he received a leg injury and was taken to Jervis St. Hospital. He was due to return home later that week but died unexpectedly on Friday the 25th of June at the age of 25.
Hodgins William (Billy)
Billy Hodgins took part in the War of Independence, he was involved in the burning of Kill-o-the-Grange Barracks and in an attack on an armoured car at Ruby Lodge, Blackrock. He took part in raids for mails, did regular guard duties on Professor Eoin MacNeill's house, disrupted communications and did armed patrols in his company area. His brother, P. Hodgins, was Intelligence Officer for E Company, 6 Battalion, the company's guns and ammunition was stored in their house. He went into Barry's and Hammam Hotels with J. Stevens at 7.30 on the morning the Civil War began, Stevens was later killed. After leaving Barry's he reported to his own unit, assisted in removing George Gilmore to hospital and was arrested that day. He was interned in Tintown and Hare Park camps until March or April 1924.
Hughes James J.
O hAodha Seamus (James J. Hughes). Second Lieutenant, E Company, 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1891 died on the 23 of January 1943, aged about 35 years old during the Rising. Fought at Jacob's Biscuit Factory on Bishop Street. He was court martialled after the surrender and sentenced to ten years penal servitude, he served time in Portland and Lewis Jails, he was released in June 1917. Due to his position as Secretary of the Irish Transport Union from October 1917 he did not take part in the War of Independence. During the Civil War he was Director of Intelligence at the rank of Deputy Superintendent with the Citizens Defence Force. Born in Dublin, educated by the Christian Brothers and in France. Member of the Gaelic League.
James J Hughes shortly after release from prison 1917
Victor Kavanagh Volunteer, 5th Company Blackrock, Dublin Brigade, IRA. He became a member of Number 5 unit (Blackrock), attached to 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, during the period from 1 April 1917 to 31 March 1918. He was arrested in the Kilternan area on the 19th of October 1919 under the Defence of the Realm Act for "Illegal assembly" and was sentenced to 6 months in prison in Derry Jail. He was released on the 2nd of May 1920 and joined E Company, 6 Battalion, Dublin Brigade. He was involved in purchasing arms, raids for arms, the burning of the Kill of the Grange Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) Barracks, an ambush at Ben Inagh, Blackrock, a raid on mails at Blackrock railway station and an attack on a British convoy at Merrion Gates. He was a member of C Company, 1st Battalion, 2nd Dublin Brigade, 2nd Eastern Division and involved in training and parades at Company level during the Truce. He enlisted in the National Army on the 28th of March 1922 at Beggar's Bush Barracks, served in the Mechanical Transport Corps at the rank of Private and was discharged from the Defence Forces on the 28th of April 1924.
Known as Jack and in some records his name is recorded as Kealy. He was a member of E Company, 4th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers, Killed in Action on the 26th of April 1916 at the General Post Office, educated by the Christian Brothers’ and taught Irish in Dun Laoghaire and he assisted Francis Macken with an Irish class in Saint Enda’s Rathfarnham. He was originally from Rockbrook, Ballyboden, Dublin, lived in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) and left a widow. John Keely was fatally wounded when, with a group of Volunteers from Rathfarnham, who had arrived late at the GPO, the Volunteers ware attempting to enter the GPO through one of the ground floor windows, as Keely jumped to the window sill he dropped his rifle and when the stock hit the ground the rifle went off, the bullet ripped through his thigh and he fell mortally wounded.
William Kearns was born on the 2nd of February 1928, he was a member of Fianna Éireann, A Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade.
George Kelly was a member of D Company (Dun Laoghaire). He was involved in a sustained attack on the Coast Guard Station in Dun Laoghaire and with Paddy Gallagher he raided Dun laoghaire railway station and got away with a quantity of ammunition, they were fired on by a policeman as they left the station, fire was returned injuring the policeman.
Born on the 14th of April 1906. Member of the Dalkey Company, Fianna Eireann.
Mary Kelly was a 12 year old girl from 128 Townsend Street, Dublin. She died from a gunshot wound and was killed in Lombard Street on the 30th of April. On her death certificate her father is recorded as a soldier in the British army, he was a driver with the Army Service Corps. He mother appears to have died in 1914.
James Lamb was a member of D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
William Lang service number 3290 Private 2nd/7th Battalion The Sherwood Foresters. Born and enlisted in Nottingham. Buried in Deansgrange Cemetery Dublin. The inscription on his headstone reads ‘believed to be buried in this cemetery’. A Special memorial has been built containing a headstone for those service men whose graves were lost, this is recorded on the CWGS website as Spec. Memorial. His name is also inscribed on the Nottingham Saint Mary’s Church Memorial.
Lea Wilson Doctor Maria Monica
Maria Wilson was the wife of Captain Percival Lea-Wilson, who was killed by The Squad on the orders of Michael Collins in Gorey, Co Wexford, on the 15th of June 1920. At the time Wilson was a district inspector of the Royal Irish Constabulary. He had been a constable in Charleville, Co Cork, before joining the British army in 1915. He had served for a time in France and was in charge of British troops at the Rotunda Gardens when republican prisoners were held there following the Easter rebellion, he abused several of the prisoners including Tom Clarke. In early 1930s Marie Lea Wilson gave an old painting to the Jesuits, the painting turned out to be The Taking of Christ by Caravaggio. She became a doctor and spent many years working in Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital.
Founder member of Fianna Fail and veteran of the 1916 Rising, War of Independence and the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War. He was born on the 15th of July 1899 and died on the 11th of May 1971. Also his wife Kathleen Lemass.
Lawlor Laurence James.
James Lawlor (Larry). Section Commander, A Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 20th of January 1894 died on the 12th of December 1974, aged 22 years old at the time of the rising. Fought in the area of the Four Courts and at North Brunswick Street, Church Street, Linenhall Barracks on Lisburn Street, Queen Street, Grangegorman, Broadstone Railway Station on Constitution Hill in Phibsborough. He joined the Volunteers in December 1913 at Columcille Hall. He was deported after the surrender first to Stafford and then Frongoch, he was released on the 24th of December 1916. During 1918 and 1919 he took part in a number of operations including the raid on Collinstown Aerodrome and raids for arms from Portobello and Wellington British Army Barracks. He provided information on the movements of a spy named "Hoppy" Byrne and went on the run following the killing by British forces of his father in law Peter O'Carroll in October 1920.
Volunteer, E Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in November 1886 died on the 26th of February 1931, aged 29 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street. He was not arrested or detained after the surrender and served throughout the War of Independence. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and joined the National Army in April 1922 and served up to 30th of September 1923 and was a Sergeant with the Mechanical Transport Corps service number 11082.
James Lillis was born in County Carlow he joined the IRA in 1920. During the War of Independence, he served as Battalion and Brigade Adjutant in the 6th battalion, Carlow Brigade, IRA and was involved in organisational and training work. He was involved in two attempted IRA ambushes prior to his arrest in April 1921. He escaped from detention at Rath Camp on the 14th of October 1921 and re-joined the 6th battalion, Carlow Brigade as Brigade Adjutant. During the Truce he took part in training at Ducketts Grove in County Carlow. He joined the National Army in February 1922, service number SDR1658. James Lillis served throughout the subsequent Civil War and remained in the Defence Forces until his retirement in 1958 having served as Assistant Chief of Staff and Quartermaster General. Granted a service pension at the rank of Colonel he retired at the rank of Major General. He died in Blackrock Clinic at the age of 92.
Loftus J. J. Doctor.
Lynch Fionán (Finian).
Born 1889 died on the 3rd of June 1966. Captain Irish Volunteers. He fought during the Rising at the Four Courts and was sentenced to death after the surrender, the sentence was commuted to ten years in prison. He was born in Cahersiveen, County Kerry and educated in Rockwell College and Blackrock College. He was a founder member of the Irish Volunteers in 1913 and was sworn into the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) that same year. He was a friend of Michael Collins.
Lynn Doctor Kathleen.
Kathleen Lynn was born on the 28th of January 1874 to a Church of Ireland clergyman, Robert Young Lynn, and his wife, Catherine Wynne. She studied medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons and then conducted her internships at the Rotunda Hospital. She was a Sinn Fein TD from 1923 to 1927 abstaining from the Dáil. She was Chief Medical Officer for the Irish Citizen Army during the 1916 Rising and co-founded Saint Ultan's Children's Hospital with Madeleine ffrench-Mullen. She decided to become a doctor when she was 16. She was one of the first female medical graduates from University College Dublin.
Donagh MacDonagh born 1912 died on the 1st of January 1968, the son of the executed 1916 leader Thomas MacDonagh he was educated at Belvedere College and University College Dublin. In 1935 he was called to the Bar and practised on the Western Circuit. In 1941 he was appointed a District Justice in County Mayo, at the time he was the youngest person appointed as a judge in Ireland. He was Justice for the Dublin Metropolitan Courts at the time of his death. He also wrote poetic dramas and ballad operas. His mother Muriel MacDonagh died while swimming in the sea during a holiday in Skerries, County Dublin on the 9th of July 1917. It is believed that she was attempting to swim to Shenick Island from Skerries to place a tricolour flag on the island's Martello Tower. Her body was found near Loughshinny Island, and as there was no water in her lungs, it was concluded that she died of heart failure and not drowning. Following her death, there was a legal custody battle between the Giffords and the MacDonaghs over Donagh and his sister Barbara. Their aunt Mary MacDonagh, a nun known as Sister Francesca and with whom MacDonagh had grown close, won custody. Even though several of her siblings offered to take the children, she placed them in a foster home.
Sean MacMahon (Seán MacMathghmhna). Company Officer Commanding, B Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1893 died on the 26th of March 1955, aged about 2323 years old during the Rising. Fought at Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street and on the Dublin and South Eastern Railway Line. He served as a Company Officer Commanding, Battalion Vice Commandant, Irish Volunteers and IRA and Quartermaster General of the I.R.A. from August 1920. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and was appointed Quartermaster General of the National Army at the rank of Lieutenant General on its formation in February 1922 and Chief of Staff on the 23rd of August 1922 and serving in the Defence Forces at that position until March 1924. On 20 March 1924. His commission was withdrawn by Order of the Executive Council and he was reappointed with the rank of Major General on the 22nd of April 1924. He served as General Officer Commanding Southern Command from October 1925 until tendering his resignation from the Defence Forces due to ill health on the 24th of January 1927.
Hugo MacNeill (Aodh MacNéill) served with Fianna Éireann, the Irish Volunteers, IRA and National Forces between the 1st of April 1918 and the 30th of September 1923 during the War of Independence, Truce Period and Civil War. He was a member of Fianna Éireann from prior to the 1916 Easter Rising and joined the Irish Volunteers in 1917. During the 1916 Rising he was at Jameson Distillery, Marrowbone Lane. In April 1918 he was imprisoned for three months for illegal drilling. He undertook organisational and training work while serving as a Company and Battalion Officer Commanding and later as Director of Training with Fianna Éireann between 1918 and 1920. From late 1919 he was also attached to the IRA General Headquarters Active Service Unit 'The Squad'. He took part in a number of IRA operations including the capture of British military transport, attacks on train carrying ammunition for the British forces at Newcomen Bridge, Dublin, the offices of the Independent newspaper and British Government Income Tax offices. He was involved in the killing of RIC Detective Henry Kells and an aborted attempt to kill General Nevil Macready Commanding Officer of British forces in Ireland. Following a break down in his health he was absent from service between December 1920 and his arrest in Belfast in April 1921, he was on his way back to re-join his unit in Dublin when he was arrested and interned in Ballykinlar Internment Camp until December 1921. In February 1922 he joined the National Army serving with General Headquarters training staff. He served throughout the Civil War reaching the rank of Colonel during the course of this conflict. He continued to serve with the Defence Forces until his retirement on the 1st of October 1951 at the rank of Major General.
He was born in Howth in 1900 and spent the final years of his life in Delgany County Wicklow. He was the son of distinguished County Antrim scholar the late Mr. Hugo MacNeill B.A. and nephew of the late Eoin MacNeill who issued the countermanding order for Volunteers to muster in the 1916 Rising and also a nephew of James MacNeill Governor General of the Irish Free State, the Governor General was the official representative of the British sovereign in the Irish Free State. He was the leader of the military mission to the U.S. during the year 1926 to 1927 to study the training methods in the United States Army. With Major general M. J. Costello, he was a graduate of the U.S. Staff College at Fort Leavenworth Kansas. In 1942 he was in charge of the first large scale military exercises held in Ireland and was Chief director of the Military Tattoo held at Ballsbridge in 1945. He died in St. Michael’s Hospital Dun laoghaire, the funeral mass was held in the Church of Perpetual Succour and he was buried, with full military honours, in Deansgrange Cemetery.
Magee William V and Robert J.
Robert J Magee, G Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. He was a member of the IRA from 1920 until 1923. Attached to G Company, 6 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA, he took part in a number of IRA operations and general activity in County Dublin during the War of Independence including cutting telephone wires, felling trees, trenching roads, arms-raids in Killiney and Ballybrack including one on the home of a retired British Naval officer named Manders at ‘Stonehurst’, Killiney, firing on a British Military armoured car in March 1921, armed duty during the destruction of Streamstown Bridge and an attack on Cabinteely Barracks. He was arrested by the authorities on the 21st of May 1921 and interned at Rath Camp, the Curragh, County Kildare, Wellington Barracks, Arbour Hill, Collinstown and Kilmainham Barracks until the 9th of December 1921. Following his release he was selected for the South Dublin Brigade Guard (Cabinteely and Bray) and was based in Bray Barracks from February 1922 until July 1922. Taking the anti-Treaty side in the Civil War he took part in engagements against the National Army at Blessington under the command of Andrew McDonnell and Harry Boland, the capture of Baltinglass Barracks, an attack on Ballymore Eustace Barracks and joined a ‘Flying Column’ (Active Service Unit) under the command of Patrick D’Arcy and took part in an ambush of National Army troops at Church Road, Ballybrack, Dublin. He was taken prisoner by Commandant Francis Bolster of the National Army in September 1922 at Ballybrack, Dublin and was interned at Newbridge Barracks, County Kildare. After contacting pleurisy he was released in January 1923 but re-arrested in February 1923 and detained in the naval base in Dun Laoghaire for a month. He served with the Local Security Forces (LSF) during The Emergency (Second World War).
His brother William V. Magee 6th battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA, buried in the same grave, died in 1930 indirectly due to his imprisonment in both Black and Tan and Civil Wars.
His father had served with RIC and was later a British Army officer in the West Indian Regiment.
Officer Commanding the Dublin Battalion Fianna Éireann. Born 1892 died on the 11thof May 1971, aged about 24 years old during the Rising. Fought in the Magazine Fort, Phoenix Park, Church Street, Great Brunswick Street, North King Street and Broadstone Railway Station, Constitution Hill, Phibsborough areas. Martin joined Fianna Éireann in 1909, was elected to its Executive at its first Árd Fheis, in 1915 and was appointed Commandant, Dublin Brigade, Fianna Éireann as well as Director of Training and Organisation nationally. Martin was also a founder member of the Irish Volunteers becoming a member of that organisations Provisional Committee in 1914 and also acted as assistant to Liam Mellows in Irish Volunteers General Headquarters. He also participated in arms landings at Howth, County Dublin (26 July 1914) and at Kilcoole, County Wexford. During the Easter Rising in 1916 Martin was wounded in the lung on Tuesday 25 April. Martin evaded arrest following the surrender despite his condition and from December 1916 to August 1917 he went to America to recuperate. On his return to Ireland he brought with him plans for an arms landing at County Wexford from John Devoy and Joseph McGarrity which he gave to Michael Collins. From 1917 to 1920 Martin served as Chief of Staff and Director of Training of Fianna Éireann. In November 1920 he joined Liam Mellows in the Quartermaster General's Department of the IRA and went to London that December to set up a Passport Department there making contact with the Communist Party there in the process. He produced passports for Eamon de Valera to allow him to travel to the Irish Race Convention in Paris. From December 1920 to March 1921 he went to Russia seeking Russian recognition of the Irish Republic. In April 1921 he travelled to Berlin on Mellows instructions to make contact with the I.R.A. representative there. The same month he was appointed Fianna representative on the Fianna Éireann Irish Volunteers IRA Composite Council as well as becoming Fianna Director of Training and Organisation. At the outbreak of the Civil War in 1922 Martin reported to the anti-Treaty position at Barry's Hotel in Dublin and was captured in July that year while returning to that post from his home. He was interned until December 1922. Martin was also a member of Rathdown Council, Dublin City Council and a District Court Judge.
Alasdair McCabe (MacCába, Alexander, MacCabe). General Headquarters Irish Volunteers. Born on the 5th of June 1885 died on the 31st of May 1972, aged 30 years old during the Rising. Fought at Boyle and Ballaghaderreen, County Roscommon and Tubbercurry and Keash, County Sligo. Prior to Easter Week 1916 he served a term of imprisonment for the possession of explosives and as a result had lost his teaching post. During Easter Week MacCabe travelled to counties Roscommon and Sligo on the orders of Sean MacDiarmada and attempted unsuccessfully to mobilise Irish Volunteer membership in the Sligo Brigade area he carried despatches to Ballymote, County Sligo during which he was captured by the RIC, made contact with IRB members in counties Sligo and Roscommon, arrange attacks on RIC and British forces and make ready for expected planned retreat of Irish Volunteer from Dublin to the east coast to west of Ireland. Along with a number of others cut telegraphic and rail communication links between Tubbercurry, County Sligo and surrounding areas in counties Sligo, Roscommon and Mayo. He evaded arrest following the surrender and from 1917 to the end of the War of Independence he served successively as a Battalion Officer Commanding Irish Volunteers and IRA and Active Service Unit (Flying Column) Officer Commanding IRA. He also led, planned or participated in a number of attacks on RIC and British forces and targets during 1920 and 1921. He also served as Brigade Vice Officer Commanding. He was imprisoned at various times in 1918, 1919 and 1920 and again between February and August 1921. He was also an elected member of Dáil Éireann from 1918. In early 1922 having accepted the he assisted in the National Army take-over of a number of barracks and other posts within County Sligo and served with the National Army and Defence Forces until August 1923. He was a member of the IRB from prior to 1916, Michael Collins appointed him onto the Supreme Council of that organisation in 1917.
John McCartyh aged 54, Island Bridge Barracks, Dublin. Died on the 23rd of May 1916, Married, Roman Catholic. He was employed as a Groom at the Island Bridge Barracks and was originally from County Kildare. He was married with ten children eight of whom were still alive in 1916.
McDonnell Andrew (Andy).
Andrew McDonnell.Volunteer, E Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1898 died on the 10th of July 1964, aged about 18 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills and the area of Railway Line between Westland Row and Beggars Bush. He was detained after the surrender and held in Richmond Barracks Dublin until June. He served as a Section Commander, Second Lieutenant, First Lieutenant, Company, Battalion and Brigade Officer Commanding with the Irish Volunteers and IRA. He was heavily involved in the organisation of Irish Volunteer units in south County Dublin under Liam Tannam from 1917 leading to the foundation of the 6th Battalion Dublin Brigade in November 1920 and from August 1921 of the 2nd Dublin Brigade. He was also involved in the procurement and importation of arms from England. In 1920 and 1921 he was involved as a of a number of attacks on British forces and personnel at Ballycorus, Dun Laoghaire Naval Base, Dundrum, Merrion, Monkstown, Blackrock, Dalkey and Enniskerry. He served as Officer Commanding the 2nd Dublin Brigade from its foundation and during the Truce Period was an IRA representative on a joint IRA/National Army General Headquarters staff. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War and in June 1922 he took part in fighting against National Army forces in Dublin and County Wicklow and was captured at Blessington in July 1922. He was interned for the remainder of the Civil War. He was released in June 1924.
Dolores McDowell died 2nd of July 1985. Buried Deansgrange 48/O/St. Brigid. Couldn’t find anything on her 1916 service but as you can see from the attached newspaper (Irish Press October 30th 1985) article she had a sad and lonely death.
McGarry Sean (John).
Irish Volunteers. Born in 1886 died on the 9th of December 1958, aged about 30 years old during the Rising. Fought in Reis's Building, O'Connell Street, Irish School of Wireless Telegraphy, Reis's Building, O'Connell Street/Lower Abbey Street, and Abbey Street. Convicted by Court Martial and sentenced to death, commuted by the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief to 8 years penal servitude, prisoner number q138. Sean McGarry was imprisoned until June 1917. Later that year he became Honorary Secretary of the Executive of the Irish Volunteers. He was arrested and interned from May 1918 until his escape from Lincoln Prison, England in February 1919. Sean McGarry joined the National Army following the outbreak of the Civil War on 28 June 1922 and served until August 1923, leaving the Defence Forces at the rank of Captain. He was a native of Dundrum County Dublin and educated in North Richmond Street School. He was an active member of the Dungannon Club in Belfast with Sean MacDermott and was also involved with the foundation of Fianna Eireann in Dublin. He was editor of the O’Donovan Rossa Souvenir and contributed many articles to the Nationalist Press.
McGarry John and Patrick
Brother John and Patrick McGarry both served with Fianna Eireann and are buried together in Deansgrange. The grave is marked by a granite surround, no headstone, only John's name is marked on the grave.
CivilianMargaret McGuinness died from wounds received during the fighting in Dublin. She died on the 3rd of April 1916 and is buried with her husband in Deansgrange Cemetery who had passed away two years earlier. She was 50 years old and from 3 Pembroke Cottages, Dublin.
Patrick McIntyre aged 38, Newspaper Editor, 21 Fownes Street. Dublin, shot by the military in Portobello Barracks. Patrick McIntyre along with Francis Sheehy Skeffington and Thomas Dickson were executed by the British at Portobello Barracks on the orders of Captain Bowen-Colthurst. Captain Bowen-Colthurst, who was tried by court-martial in June 1916 was found guilty but insane he was detained at Broadmoor Asylum until the 6th of February 1918.
Joseph McGrath. Lieutenant, D Company, 4th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1888 died on the 26th of March 1966, aged about 28 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Jameson Distillery on Marrowbone Lane. He was not arrested or captured after the surrender. He served as a Company and Battalion Officer Commanding with the Irish Volunteers and IRA from 1916 to 1921. He was imprisoned in May 1918, escaping from Usk prison in January 1919 and was re-imprisoned at Wormwood Scrubs and Brixton prisons from January to May 1920 and interned at Ballykinlar Camp from November 1920 to July 1921. He was also a member of the First Dáil Éireann and was appointed Minister for Labour in September 1920 following the arrest of Constance Markievicz. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War. In October 1921 McGrath travelled with the Irish Treaty delegation to London as one of Michael Collins' personal staff. When the Provisional Government of Ireland was set up in January 1922, McGrath was appointed as Minister for Labour. He was later put in charge of the Criminal Investigation Department or CID. Following his political career, he went on to become involved in the building trade. In 1925 he became labour adviser to Siemens-Schuckert, German contractors for the Ardnacrusha hydro-electric scheme near Limerick. McGrath founded the Irish Hospitals' Sweepstake in 1930.
Henry Molloy served with the Kill-o-the-Grange Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Fianna Éireann. He was born on the 16th of May 1906. He was married to Kathleen (Catherine) Molloy nee O'Brien. His brother Richard also served with the I.R.A. in Dublin.
Seaghar Mooney (Sean, Seaghan). He joined Na Fianna Éireann in 1914 in Glasgow held the rank of Lieutenant between 1916 and 1918. He was involved in reorganising Na Fianna after 1916. He was able to use contacts in Glasgow to purchase guns from British soldiers and able to secure explosives, he would visit Joe Robinson's shop and transport material to the station. He went to Liverpool and went on an armed raid in Bootle, Liverpool under Jack Murphy and captured 3 or 4 rifles. He used his position working on a US supply ship to capture ammunition, about 350 rounds. He returned to Glasgow where he was mobilised on outpost duty for the raid on Darnley Glen and he also took part in the raid on the Orange Hall at Cowcaddens and the raid on the Hamilton Hill explosives store. He also acted as an armed guard for Archbishop Mannix and Mrs Sheehy-Skeffington. He took part in the attempted rescue of Frank Carty from the prison van in Glasgow in May 1921 after the attempted rescue he went on the run and was arrested in July 1921 and charged with the murder of Inspector Johnston who had been shot dead during the attempted rescue. He was released in November 1921 and transferred to B Company, 2 Battalion, Dublin Brigade in December 1921. He took part in the occupation of Cabinteely Barracks from April 1922 and in May 1922 he was chosen for a raid on the Helga where he held up the guard and a number of weapons were captured. Following the outbreak of the Civil War he was unable to link up with his company and reported to Barry's Hotel, Dublin. He linked up with the 3rd Battalion and took over the CYMS (Catholic Young Men's Society) and was with O'Malley in North Frederick Street, Dublin. He was ordered to the Gresham Hotel where he spent the week with the garrison. Cecil O'Malley appointed him acting Adjutant while in the Gresham. Following the blowing up of the Four Courts he got in touch with his company returning from Blessington, County Wicklow, an Active Service Unit (Flying Column) was formed. He was involved in attacks on the naval base at Dun Laoghaire, Free State post at Glenalua House, Dalkey and on two vehicles at Shankill, County Dublin. He was also involved in an ambush on Free State Forces between Bray, County Wicklow and Shankill. He was twice arrested before managing to escape within a number of hours. In September 1922 he was again arrested in Dun Laoghaire in connection with throwing a bomb and was interned until November 1923. He is recorded as Seaghar Mooney in the Deansgrange burial record and as Sean Money in the Military Archive which also lists him under the alternative name Seaghan. His name is not recorded on the headstone marking his grave.
Mulcahy Patrick Anthony.
Patrick Mulcahy born in 1897 he joined the British Army in 1915 and served during World War 1, he was demobilised in 1919 and on returning to Ennis County Clare he joined the Irish Volunteers. His brother, Richard, served as Vice-Commandant at the battle of Ashbourne during the 1916 Rising and went on to become Commander in Chief of the Free State Army after the death of Michael Collins. During the War of Independence Patrick Mulcahy used his position as a post office employee in County Clare and in Dublin to provide intelligence and information for the Irish Volunteers and IRA in those areas as well as General Headquarters. He had access to British military and police coded messages, telephone calls and correspondence as well as code words which he passed on directly to Michael Collins. From May 1921 Mulcahy served as an IRA Brigade Signals Officer in Tipperary and was attached to the Brigade Active Service Unit (Flying Column). During the Truce Period Patrick Mulcahy served on the staff of the 3rd Southern Division IRA and transferred to the National Army on its formation in January 1922. He served throughout the subsequent Civil War and later during the Emergency (Second World War). He also served as Defence Forces Chief of Staff from 1955 to 1960.
Joseph Moore was born on the 4th of April 1901 and served with E Company (Blackrock) 6th Battalion, South Dublin Brigade, IRA. He was employed as a labourer with the Dublin United Tramways Company. His Service (1917-1921) Medal awarded and issue authorised on the 21 July 1943.
Gretta Mullins. (nee Walsh, Margaret Mullins) Killeeneen Branch, 1st Western Division, 2nd Galway Brigade, Cumann na mBan. Born in 1897, aged about 19 years old during the Rising. Served at Clarinbridge, Oranmore, Agricultural Station, Athenry, Moyode and Limepark, County Galway. Joined Cumann na mBan in 1915. Prior to Easter Week Liam Mellows stayed at her house and she carried two despatches for him to Galway and to Ballinasloe. She was mobilised on Easter Sunday and many volunteers stayed at her house. She followed them on Easter Tuesday to Clarinbridge and to Oranmore and was present when the barracks were attacked. She then accompanied them to Athenry (Farmyard) where she did catering for them. She went home on the Saturday.
John Mulhern service number 5797 Rifleman 3rd Battalion The Royal Irish Rifles. Aged 32. Died in Dublin on the 24th of April. Born in Carrick-on-Shannon County Leitrim enlisted in Dublin. He answered an advertisement for a barber’s position two weeks previous to 24th April 1916. To get the position he had to join up in Arbour Hill. On Easter Monday he cycled into work as usual, on his way for some reason he diverted into the city and was killed by a sniper near Bachelors walk. He was the Husband of Annie Mulhern, of 6, Stephen's Place, Lower Mount St., Dublin. Although his headstone records his age as 40 years old cemetery records record him as being 32 years old when he died, he is also recorded in the 1911 census as being 27 years old in 1911 which would put him at 32 years old when he died. He was a native of Carrick-on-Shannon, Co Leitrim.
Patrick Mulvaney, born on the 25th of June 1898 died on the 17th of November 1967. He was a member of F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade.
F Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1891 died on the 16th of February 1953, aged about 25 years old at the time of the Rising. He joined the Volunteers in London in 1914 and came to Ireland in December 1915. .He was taken to Richmond Barracks after the surrender and then deported first to Lewes Prison where he was kept until July, he was then transferred to Woking where he remained for three of four weeks and then to Frongoch, he was released on the 23rd of December. He resumed importing arms and ammunition for the Volunteers soon after release and also assisted in reorganising the Volunteers in 1917. During the War of Independence he was employed in the Hotel Workers' Branch, Transport Union and that he was instructed by Michael Collins to source reliable hotel workers who would provide information regarding the movements of British agents. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War during which he was present at the attempted blowing up of Kilcullen Bridge and that he came under fire from National Army forces. He was arrested in November 1922 and interned until December 1923.
Thomas Murphy was shot by the Black and Tans on the morning of the 30th of May 1921. Employed as a part-time porter for the Dublin and South Eastern Railway and part-time driver for Sir Horace Plunkett Murphy he was shot in his bedroom in a building known locally as The Hotel, the building had ceased being a hotel over fifty years ago, the building had been converted toa tenement type residence. He is buried in Deansgrange Cemetery. Thomas was a Corporal with the local I.R.A. and it is believed he was shot in reprisal for the shooting of a local policeman Albert Skeats at Cabinteely Barracks, constable Skeats had been in a coma for nearly two week and had died two days before Thomas Murphy was shot. Constable Skeats had been shot by another local I.R.A. activists Leo Murphy (not related).
Murphy Thomas Patrick.
Tommy Murphy Transport Officer, E Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. During the War of Independence, he took part in a number of IRA operations and attacks including outpost duty for destruction of Kill-O-Grange RIC Barracks an ambush on Black and Tans (RIC) at Merrion Gates, attempted ambush at Foster Avenue that did not come off and armed guard duty at Netley, Blackrock. He served as the company transport officer using his employer's car and was dismissed from his employment during the Truce Period as a result of his activities. He also took part in raids for arms, obtaining bicycles from postmen and disrupting communications. He did not take part in the Civil War. He was born about 1883, during the War of Independence he was employed as a driver by a Mr. Waters.
Myles Sir Thomas.
Thomas Myles was born in Limerick in 1857. The Myles family had been prominent merchants in and around Limerick city since Cromwell's time. He graduated in medicine at Trinity College Dublin in 1881. One of his duties in his first job as resident surgeon at Dr. Steevens’ Hospital was to render medical assistance to Lord Frederick Cavendish and Thomas Henry Burke murdered in the Phoenix Park on the 6th of May 1882. He was knighted by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Earl Cadogan, at Dublin Castle on the 11th of August 1902. He also received the honorary freedom of Limerick city.
Myles was also an active Home Ruler. He owned a yacht, the Chotah which was used for the importation of guns for the Irish Volunteers. The guns were landed at Kilcoole, County Wicklow on the night of 2nd of August 1914, 600 Mauser rifles and 20,000 rounds of ammunition were landed many being used during the 1916 Rising. During the 1916 Rising he was stationed at Dublin Castle and treated Constable John O’Brien killed at the gates of the Castle and he also treated County Inspector Alexander Gray who died from wounds received at Ashbourne, County Meath.
Nolan John and Mary.
John Nolan was born on the 2nd of August 1901 and served as Section Commander with F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade and also served with E and C Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA. He joined the IRA in 1918 and served throughout the War of Independence and Civil War. He was arrested at Kilternan on the 19th of October 1919 and found with arms taken from private residences in his possession. He was charged with illegal assembly and sentenced to six months imprisonment. He was released from Derry Jail in May 1920. He took part in the burning of Kill-o-the-Grange barracks, engagement with two Black and Tans near his own residence and the hold-up of a train outside Foxrock Station. He took part in ambush patrols, raids for arms, company intelligence work and disrupting communications. His superior officer, Captain Troy, was arrested with a company roll on his person and as a result these men had to go on the run, taking over Leopardstown Race Course and sleeping in the jockeys' beds in May 1921. During the Truce Period he attended training camp, received shrapnel wounds from the accidental detonation of a grenade, did police work and went into Cabinteely Barracks. During the Civil War he took part in fighting against National Army forces at Deansgrange and was captured on the 13th of July 1922 during an ambush at Beechgrove, Cabinteely. He was interned in Wellington Barracks, Portlaoise Prison and Tintown, hut 10, number 3 camp until his release in November 1923. The ambush he was captured in was when the Anti-Treaty IRA attempted to ambush a National Army convoy escorting twenty prisoners from Bray to Dun laoghaire, as the Convoy approached Kill-o-the-Grange the came under heavy rifle and Thompson machine gun fire, the National Army returned fire and during the exchange Nolan was captured. After the attackers fled the convoy proceeded to Dun Laoghaire.
Mary Nolan (nee Quinn) was a member of the Barnaculla Company Cumann na mBan, Barnaculla is near Stepaside. She received her Service Medal in 1947.
William O'Brien (Liam O'Briain)Volunteer, E Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 31st of March 1898 died on the 1st of October 1939, aged 18 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought in the area of Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street. He was deported after the surrender and released about the end of July 1916. He re-joined the Company and served up to about 1918, he had no further service. He did not take part in the War of Independence or the Civil War.
Matthew O'Brien (Matt). Volunteer, A Company, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1898 died on the 21st of January 1969, aged about 18 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at the GPO. In the weeks prior to the Easter Rising he was involved in transporting arms between Camden Row and York Street. Following the Easter Rising he was interned Stafford until August 1916. He re-joined the Irish Volunteers on reorganisation and carried out the usual activities. He acted as dispatch carrier and during the War of Independence took part in armed patrols. He was involved in the burning of Income Tax Office in Dawson Street and in Dardanelles ambush. He held the rank of Company Sergeant. He transferred to General Headquarters before been sent to East Wicklow to reorganise the Brigade. In July 1921, prior to the Truce, he was involved in the shooting of a member of the Royal Irish Constabulary in Rathdrum, County Wicklow and he was involved in an attack on British forces at Murragh, County Dublin. During the Truce Period, 12 July 1921 to the 30 June 1922, he took part in the occupation of Masonic Hall, Molesworth Street and the Four Courts. During the Civil War he was garrisoned at Craig Gardner’s and Harcourt Railway Station. He was arrested in August 1922 and interned until February 1924.
O'Byrne Joseph Michael.
Joseph O'Byrne Lieutenant (acting captain) D Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1888 died on the 11th of August 1966, aged about 28 years old during the Rising. Fought in the Harmony Row and Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills, Grand Canal Street, Dublin. He joined the Volunteers in August 1914. After the surrender he was detained overnight at the R.D.S. then transferred to Richmond Barracks then deported first to Wakefield then Frongoch, he was released in August 1916. During the War of Independence he was employed as Chief Registrar, Dáil Land Settlement Commission. Was arrested in November 1920 and took no part in the Civil War.
Donal O'Callaghan (Dómhnall Ó Ceallacháin, Donal Og O’Callaghan, Daniel) was elected unopposed as the Lord Mayor of Cork in October 1920 after the death of Terence MacSwiney and Tomás MacCurtain, he had been acting Lord mayor since the arrest of Terence MacSwiney in August. Born in 1892 in Cathedral Place, he went to school at Eason’s Hill and later attended the North Monastery. After leaving school, he was heavily involved in the Irish Republican Brotherhood, the Ancient Order of Hibernians American Alliance, Fianna Éireann and the Irish Volunteers. As Second Lieutenant B Company, Cork Battalion, Irish Volunteers, he helped to set up district units all over Cork and trained new recruits. He was Lord Mayor of Cork from November 1920 to January 1924, but he spent much of this time on the run, initially from the British and then from the Irish Free State being staunchly anti-Treaty. In this same time period, he was also the Chairman of Cork County Council. He was Lord Mayor during the burning of Cork in December 1920 and shortly after he went to America as a stowaway where he lobbied the American Association for the Recognition of the Irish Republic and addressed a special commission in Washington which had been set up to conduct an inquiry into conditions in Ireland. He was elected unopposed to the second Dáil in May 1921, where he was appointed Minister for Home Affairs. He died on the 12th of September 1962 aged 71. He is buried in Deansgrange St. Brigid W 60.
O’Conaill Mort (Mortimer O’Connell)
1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 31st of January 1894 died on the 22nd of May 1956, aged 22 at the time of the Rising. Fought in the Four Courts area, Mary’s Lane, Church Street and Father Matthew Hall. He was deported after the surrender first to Stafford then Frongoch. He was one of the men responsible for guarding Bulmer Hobson when he was kidnapped at the outset of the Rising. He became clerk of the Dail in about 1948.
O'Byrne Thomas Joseph.
Thomas O'Byrne. Volunteer, D Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 8th of August 1890 died on the 15th of December 1964, aged 25 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street and at the Dublin South Eastern Railway Works and Ringsend. He was deported after the surrender and released from Frongoch about August 1916. He served throughout the War of Independence and took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War. He served as Intelligence Officer with the Civil Defence Forces Óglaigh na hÉireann/National Forces up to about September 1923.
O'Connor John Thomas.
John O' Connor (Sean known as Blimey) Kimmage Garrison, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 1st of September 1896 died on the 22nd of April 1979, aged 19 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at the GPO, Reis's Building and Moore Street. He joined the Volunteers in London and came to Ireland in January 1916 and served with E Company 2nd Battalion, he was then transferred to the Kimmage garrison where he was involved in making munitions in preparation for the Rising. He was deported after the surrender to Stafford Jail, he was released on the 24thof December 1916. He served throughout the War of Independence and took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War.
Michael O’Connor was born in Loughrea, County Galway. He joined the British Army in 1914 and served in the Royal Irish Regiment in France and Belgium during World War I. A German gas attack in March 1918 ended his active career, and after the war he returned as part of an exhumation unit to re-inter battlefield dead in military cemeteries. In 1918 he enrolled at University College, Dublin, from where he gained a degree in medicine in 1925. In his book The More Fool I he writes of his experience of being stationed in Richmond Barracks during the Rising, he was looking out a window when a shot was fired at the Barracks, causing plaster dust to land on him. He also recounts his experience of seeing Countess Markievicz. After a short period as a ship’s surgeon, O’Connor joined the Colonial Medical Service in British Malaya. After the invasion of Sarawak in December 1941 he and his wife were interned by the Japanese for the duration of World War II, first in Kuching General Hospital in Sarawak from December 1941 until September 1943, and thereafter at the nearby Batu Lintang camp until its liberation on 11 September 1945. After their release the O’Connors returned to Ireland where he published novels and short stories and became well known through his regular broadcasts to children on Radio Éireann in the 1950s and early 1960s.
O'Donovan James Laurence
James O'Donovan, Director of Chemicals, General Headquarters, IRA. From 1918 he was involved in the procurement, development and manufacture of munitions for the Irish Volunteers and later the IRA, he used the labs in UCD to test and develop chemical explosives. At first attached to the staff of the Dublin Brigade, he was appointed IRA Director of Chemicals in December 1920. He continued in this position during the Truce Period and with the anti-Treaty IRA during the Civil War. In May 1922 he was injured in an explosion while testing explosives at Monasterevin, County Kildare. Following the outbreak of the Civil War O'Donovan was arrested on the 29th of June 1922 and interned until escaping from Newbridge Internment Camp on the 14th of October 1922. Following his escape O'Donovan served as Acting Director of Munitions as well as Director of Chemicals until his capture on the 15th of March 1923. He was subsequently interned until the 17th of July 1924. During the 1920s he set up a paint manufacturing business which failed and in 1930 he went to work for the Electricity Supply Board (ESB). In the late 1930s he was approached by Sean Russel, Chief of Staff of the IRA, which resulted in O’Donovan developing the Sabotage Plan (S-Plan), a bombing campaign in England targeting infrastructure, transport and business, the S-Plan resulted in the deaths of seven civilians.
In 1939 O'Donovan, a German speaker, made three trips to Germany, the first meeting in February was at Abwehr (German military intelligence service) HQ O'Donovan met Friedrich Carl Marwede, codenamed "Dr. Pfalzgraf". As "Agent V-Held", O’Donovan made two more trips to Germany when he met with Abwehr agents. On the 9th of February 1940, Abwehr II agent Ernst Weber-Drohl landed at Killala Bay, County Sligo aboard U-37. He was equipped with an 'Ufa' transmitter, cash, and instructions for O'Donovan (who by this time was the chief IRA contact for Abwehr I/II). The transmitter was lost upon landing, but when Weber-Drohl reached O'Donovan at Shankill, County Dublin, he was able to deliver new transmission codes, $14,450 in cash, and a message from "Pfalzgraf Section" asking that the IRA concentrate its S-Plan attacks on military rather than civilian targets.
O’Donovan also assisted the German spy Herman Goertz who arrived in Ireland by parachute in May 1940 and was arrested in November 1941. Goertz landed at Ballivor, County Meath, he was supposed to have landed in Tyrone. Travelling by night Goertz walked to Laragh Castle, the south Wicklow home of Francis Stuart’s estranged wife Iseult daughter of Maud Gonne. When in Berlin Francis Stuart had told Goertz that if he ran into difficulty when in Ireland, he would find a safe house there. Iseult contacted O’Donovan who drove from his Shankill home to Wicklow, collected Goertz, and kept him at Shankill for some time driving him to various Dublin safe houses.
O’Donovan was arrested on the 26th of September 1941 and on the 2nd of October transferred to ‘Tin Town’ in the Curragh until the 8th of September 1943. After release O’Donovan returned to his job with the ESB. He attended the funeral of Herman Goertz who was originally buried in Deansgrange in 1947 but later a group (allegedly composed of ex-German Army Officers and IRA men) exhumed Goertz’s remains and re-interned them in the German War Cemetery in Glencree, Wicklow
O'Farrell John A and Brendan
John A O’Farrell served with F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade IRA during the War of Independence. Taking the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War he joined the national Army. He died from a bullet wound, accidently received, at Carlow Barracks on the 24th of December 1922
Brendan O’Farrell served with F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade IRA during the War of Independence. He is buried in the same plot as his brother John, I was unable to find his name on the headstone.
O’Flaherty Christopher and Flynn John
Christopher O’Flaherty. Pembroke Road, Dublin. Ex-Head Constable RIC, shot by a sniper through the eye while standing at his front door at Pembroke Road on Easter Tuesday. The Northern Whig reported on the 8th of May reported on his death, he was as reported well known in Belfast and was for many years in charge of Antrim Road Barracks. He had retired to Dublin. He was shot through the eye and died instantly. He death certificate records him as a 54-year-old fish merchant of 126 Pembroke Road and that he died on the 29th of April. A request was made to exhume his body for re-interment in a proper manner on the 8th of July 1916, the request was refused due to the body being buried with others, all victims of the rebellion, without coffins, exposure of the remains now would be dangerous to public health.
John Flynn aged 63, Dodder View, Dublin. An article published in the Irish Times on the 12th of May states that the body of John Flynn was found in Stephen’s Green and it was believed he was one of the Insurgents. There is no evidence that John Flynn was a member of the Volunteers although it is possible he joined the Volunteers at Stephen’s Green during the Rising.
O'Farrell Sean TD.
Sean O'Farrell TD joined the Bornacoola Company, Leitrim Brigade, Irish Volunteers in 1917, he served throughout the War of Independence and Civil War and was elected Sinn Fein TD for Sligo-Leitrim in the 1923 general election for the 4th Dáil, as Sinn Fein was an abstentionist party, he did not take his seat. He was appointed Company Captain in July 1919 of Bornacoola Company, 3 Battalion, South Leitrim Brigade, IRA under the command of Sean Mitchell and during the War of Independence he was involved in mail raids; disarming of two RIC at Dromod; obstructing the Resident Magistrate to prevent him from attending court in Rooskey followed by a fight with British cavalry in March 1920; fired on by a juryman while raiding his home; kidnapping men to prevent them joining the RIC; disarming two RIC men near Mohill; raids on shops for 'Belfast Boycott' goods; holding up trains for 'Belfast Boycott' goods; raiding for petrol at Dromod Railway Station; putting pressure on about 20 men in his parish and other local parishes to resign from the RIC; engagement with RIC at Gort on the 15th of August 1920; capture of RIC and arms at Killanker; attempted capture of Mohill Workhouse occupied by military; attempted capture of Carrick-on-Shannon Courthouse occupied by military; engagement with Black and Tans at Clooneagh when they tried to burn the IRA hall and the shooting of two unnamed spies. He was arrested in November 1920 and was released from Ballykinlar camp on the 8th of December 1921.
He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War and was appointed Battalion Commandant, 5th Battalion, 3rd Brigade, 3rd Western Division. He was later promoted to Vice-Brigade Commandant. He took part in the occupation of Boyle Barracks; an attack on Boyle Workhouse for 3-4 days in June 1922; was in charge of an Active Service Unit (ASU) of 25 men; an attack on Mohill Barracks in August 1922; disarming five National Army soldiers in Grot on the Mohill-Longford Road in July 1922; an ambush of National Forces at Drumdoe under charge of Pat Brandon; an attack and capture of Swinford Barracks in September 1922 under command of Carney and Michael McLoughlin; disarming of nine National Army soldiers on Boyle Bridge in September 1922; an attack on a National Army cycle patrol at Corraneary; engagement at Rooskey at which three National Army soldiers were killed and five wounded March 1923*; capture of Drumsna Barracks; capture of Ballinamore; disarming of five National Army soldiers at Foxboro; capture of National Army soldiers in a house in Boyle and the shooting of two unnamed spies. He was on the run until 1925. He was convicted by tribunal on the 6th of January 1932 but given a free pardon on the 10th of March 1932. He married Veronica Farrell (née O’Rourke) on the 12th of April 1939, he died on the 23rd of August 1972 and is buried in Deansgrange.
The only information I could find on the Rooskey attack was the Civic Guard barracks were about to be set on fire when the attacking part was surprized by a Free State cycle patrol which happened about the 17thof March, one Free State and one Anti-Treaty were killed.
O'Keeffe Patrick (Ó Caoimh, Pádraig)
(AKA Paudeen) F Company, 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born on the 3rd of July 1881 died on the 21st of September 1973, aged 24 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at the Imperial Hotel on O'Connell Street and in the G.P.O. He joined the Volunteers in 1914. He was interned until December 1916. In 1917 he held the position of Secretary of Sinn Féin. Between September and October 1919 he was held in Mountjoy Prison. He enlisted in the National Forces at Portobello Barracks on the 13th of July 1922 and resigned on the 14th of August 1923 at the rank of Commandant. He held the position of Deputy Military Governor, Mountjoy Prison between his dates of enlistment in the National Forces.
O'Keeffe Seán (John).
Sean O'Keeffe Quartermaster, B Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1887 died on the 31st of May 1952, aged about 29 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Lombard Street East, Boland's Bakery/Boland's Mills on Grand Canal Street and at the Dublin South Eastern Railway Works. He sustained a gunshot wound in the right arm on the 28th of April at Dublin South Eastern Railway Works. He was detained in hospital until the 22nd of July and then deported to Frongoch, he was released on the 4th of August 1916. He re-joined the Company on reorganisation and served throughout the War of Independence. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and joined the National Army in March 1922 at Great Brunswick Street Returning Office. Resigned from the Defence Forces on the 7th of March 1924.
Patrick O'Loughlin served with C Company, 4th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers at the South Dublin Union during the 1916 Rising. After the Rising he was interned until August or September 1916. He re-joined the Volunteers upon release and took part in the usual activities including raids for arms. During the War of Independence held the rank of Company Quartermaster Sergeant. He was arrested on the 25th of November 1920 and interned until December 1921. He enlisted in the national Army at Beggars Bush Barracks on the 14th of March 1922 and was discharged as time expired from the Defence Forces on the 17th of March 1926. He was born in 1894 and at the time of the Rising he was employed as a silk weaver.
Ó Maoileoin Séamas
Séamas Ó Maoileoin was born in the village of Meedin, near Tyrrellspass, County Westmeath. He was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and took part both the Howth gun-running and Kilcoole gun-running. He returned to Tyrrellspass at the outbreak of the Rising during which a shootout took place at the family homestead in Meedin. The Royal Irish Constabulary raided the home and reports of at least 3 shots being fired. Due to his activities during the Rising, he was arrested and spent captivity in both Limerick and Richmond Barracks before being sent to Wakefield and Frongoch. In December 1918 he was arrested along with his brother at Kilfinane. They were held in Athenry before escaping. During the Irish War of Independence, he headed the East Limerick Brigade of the Irish Republican Army. During the Irish Civil War, he opposed the Anglo-Irish treaty.
Owens Christina and Joseph
Christina Owens (nee O'Connor) was born in 1900 she joined the Dun laoghaire branch of Cumann na mBan early in 1916. She was active during the Rising. As the Volunteers were retreating from Carisbrook House, Northumberland Road she met them along the railway line taking their weapons and assisting them in escaping the area. After the Rising she was involved in organising and drilling several branches in the Dun laoghaire area and collecting funds for prisoner’s aid. She was active throughout the War of Independence gathering intelligence, operating an arms dump, transporting bombs for attacks on Crown Forces and smuggled two revolvers through a police cordon at Deansgrange Cemetery for the funeral of a Volunteer, although she does not name the Volunteer in her pension application (MSP34REF22828) I suspect it was for the funeral of Thomas Murphy shot on the 30th of May 1921. She married Joseph Owens Section Commander D Company (Dun Laoghaire), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade. During the War of Independence she was captain of 4 branches of Cumann na mBan Dean's Grange Branch (15 members), Shankill (10 members), Dundrum (15 members) and Dún Laoghaire (30 members).
Joseph O'Neill was born in 1903. He joined, he joined 5th Battalion (Blackrock), attached to the 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, in November 1918 and then transferred to E Company, 6th Battalion during the latter part of the period from April 1919 to March 1920. He remained with this unit until transferring to D Company, 1 Battalion, 2nd Dublin Brigade, 2nd Eastern Division during the truce period and then enlisted in the National Army. He took part in the usual military activities, including raids for arms and mails, armed patrols, road trenching, the burning of Kill of the Grange RIC Barracks, an attack on a military lorry in November 1920, an ambush of auxiliaries at Temple Hill, Blackrock, the ambush of a military convoy at Merrion Gates, and the firing of shots at a police inspector. He remained active and attended training camps in the Dublin Mountains during the truce period before enlisting in the National Army on the 28th of March 1922 at Beggar's Bush Barracks. He served in No. 2 Brigade, 2nd Eastern Division and served initially in the Dublin and Wicklow area until the autumn of 1922. He was part of an escort for President Arthur Griffith at a meeting in Sligo in April 1922 and was slightly wounded in the neck and hip at Rathfarnham, County Dublin, during his service in the National Army. He left the National Army garrison that he was stationed with in Bray, Co. Wicklow, due to the anti-treaty sentiments of his commanding officers there, and to have presented himself to Clonskeagh Castle to be reassigned. In his pension application (24SP3884) it is speculated by one of his referees, Major Niall MacNeill, that the reason he left the National Army on the 16th of March 1923 was the fact that his mother was a strong anti-treaty republican, who may have influenced him, or "made his life uncomfortable as long as he continued to serve".
Pollock John Hackett.
1887 – 1964. Worked at the Richmond Hospital at the time of the Rising and was involved in treating casualties of the fighting. On a white sheet the words" Richmond Hospital Supplies" were marked with black tape and Dr. John Hackett Pollock, a recently qualified member of the hospital staff, and two students, bearing this banner, took a borrowed horse and cart out of the hospital. Passing several times through the firing they crossed to the south side of the city and returned safely with supplies. He was a noted author writing under the name An Philibin.
Power Francis Michael.
Francis Michael Power was killed in an attack on the home of Richard Mulcahy on the 2nd of November 1922. The Free State government had introduced a law under the Emergency Powers Act to execute anyone found in possession of arms or ammunition, the attack on Mulcahy by Anti Treaty forces was in reprisal for this policy. Francis Michael Power was 22 years old and from Nenagh County Tipperary and in Dublin studying as a medical student at Saint Vincent’s Hospital. The Free State Army refused to release the remains of Francis Power for burial, on the 4th of November members of the Anti Treaty forces broke into the morgue and removed the body, he was buried on the 5th of November in the family plot in Dean’s Grange Cemetery Dublin.
He was a member of F Company (Deansgrange), 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.
Quirke William. (Bill).
He did not serve during the Easter Rising. He was Intelligence Officer with the 3rd Tipperary Brigade (South Tipperary Brigade). He joined the Irish Volunteers from 1913. During the War of Independence as well as taking part in arms raids, the delivering of despatches and the making of munitions he served as an intelligence officer for the Irish Volunteers and I.R.A. He also took part in I.R.A. attacks on R.I.C. and British forces at Ballinire, Garranguile, Ballypatrick, Newtown and Pocistown during 1920. Arrested in December 1920 he was interned until his escape from Spike Island prison in October 1921. In early 1922 during the Truce Period Quirke took part in a number of I.R.A. raids for arms and attacks in Fethard and Clonmel in County Tipperary. He served as Officer Commanding of an I.R.A. column involved in clashes with National Army forces in County Kilkenny in June 1922 prior to the full outbreak of the Civil War. During the Civil War he took part in fighting against National Army forces as a Divisional Staff Officer and later as a Divisional Officer Commanding from February 1923. During that conflict he was involved in major fighting in counties Kilkenny, Waterford and Tipperary. He was also appointed as a member of the I.R.A. Army Council and was present in the Nire Valley for a meeting of that body when Liam Lynch was killed. He evaded arrest or capture during the Civil War and remained on the run until the general release of Republican prisoners in 1924.
Captain Teresa Redmond, (Teresa Kehoe, Treasa Ní Cochaid).Dun Laoghaire Branch, 2nd Dublin Brigade, Cumann na mBan. She joined the Dun Laoghaire Branch of Cumann na mBan and was active in Dublin during the War of Independence carrying out duties such as providing food and accommodation for men on the run and carrying dispatches. She had charge of arms and carried arms including to and from operations on a number of occasions. In the Truce period she collected and distributed funds and attended training. She was appointed Captain and District Council Secretary. At the outbreak of the Civil War she went to headquarters at Bachelor’s Quay, Dublin and was sent to Bray and Cabinteely to establish first-aid posts. Her house was used as a dispatch centre. She helped nurse wounded men with her sister Mrs. Moore including a man called Keogh from County Wexford, who had been shot in the knee and had been rescued from hospital. She helped move an arms dump from Broderick’s, Glenageary to O’Brien’s, Albert Road. Her house was continually raided from April or March 1923 and she was obliged to leave the house.
It is a bit confusing because not all those named on the headstone are buried in the plot.
Not Buried in the plot
Buried in the plot
A Celtic Cross marks the graves of Reginald Dunne and Joseph O'Sulliva. The front of the cross has a Gaelic inscription with an English translation on the back.
Others buried in the Republican plot
James Patrick Byrne
James Patrick Byrne (Spike). Private, Irish Citizen Army. Born in 1888 died on the 5th of May 1934. Fought at the Royal College of Surgeons and Saint Stephen's Green during the 1916 Rising. He was arrested after the surrender and detained in Frongoch until December 1916. He does not appear to have taken part in the War of Independence. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War and was interned at Maryboro Gaol from August 1922 to March 1923 and in Tintown from April 1923 to November 1923 during which he went on hunger strike.
Fiona Connolly Edwards
Fiona Connolly Edwards was the youngest daughter of James Connolly the executed 1916 leader, she was eight years old when her father was executed. I think that should be I.C.A. not I.R.A. after Connolly's name.
Hudson Joseph Senior.
Joseph Hudson was born on the 12th of November 1878, he was a member of the Volunteers and "stood to" awaiting orders during the 1916 Easter Rising, he had no active service. Between 1916 and 1919 he took part in organisational and training work. During the War of Independence he took part in: the burning of Ballybrack RIC Barracks in May 1920: the capture of a group of unarmed British Military Police; and an ambush on British forces at Marine Road, Dún Laoghaire in 1921. He was in charge of an arms dump at Sandycove, County Dublin. Arrested in May 1921 he was interned at Collinstown until November 1921, he re-joined the IRA following his release and served as part of the IRA garrison at Cabinteely from March 1922. During the Truce he took part in a raid for arms at a private house in Sandycove connected with the shooting of Catholics in Belfast. He was serving with an IRA garrison in Wicklow town at the outbreak of the Civil War and was arrested on the 1st of July 1922 and was released following the shooting dead by Free State forces of his son Joseph Sonny Hudson on the 12th of August 1922. After his release he took part in an IRA attack on Glenlua House in August or September 1922. He was rearrested and was being held at Oriel House in Dublin when it was attacked by the IRA in September 1922. He was then transferred as a prisoner to Wellington Barracks where along with a number of other IRA prisoners, were shot and wounded by members of the National Army following an attack on the Barracks by the IRA. He was then transferred to Hare Park internment camp from which he was released in about April 1923.
He is buried in the Republican plot in Deansgrange along with his son Joseph Sonny Hudson and his wife Mary Hudson who died on the 22nd of September 1928.
Robinson Cecil Lieutenant
Lieutenant Cecil L. Robinson was a Lieutenant in the Officers Training Corps (OTC) of Trinity College. He was on duty during the Rising and received a silver cup presented by businesses around the College to members of the College OTC as the businesses believed that the occupation of the College by the OTC saved their premises from the destruction that affected many other areas of Dublin city. The grounds of Trinity College were used by the British to shell O’Connell Street and the GPO.
John Joseph Ring (Jonny). Born in 1903 died on the 25th of March 1966. He joined the Fianna in 1917 and transferred to the Volunteers in 1918. He was arrested on Lower Georges Street in Dun Laoghaire on the 15th of November 1920 and sentenced to five years, he was released on the 14th of May 1921. When not in prison he took part in the usual activities. He served with F Company 3rd Battalion, South Dublin brigade and D Company (Dun Laoghaire) 6th battalion, South Dublin Brigade. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and served with the National Army. He enlisted at the naval base in Dun Laoghaire and was discharged at Tallaght, Dublin.
Thomas Rothery joined H Company, 3 Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers under the command of William Tannam and Michael Nolan in February 1917. He was dismissed from his job in the post office for his association with the Irish Volunteers in 1918. Attached to B Company, 6th Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA, he took part in a number of IRA operations and general activity in County Dublin during the War of Independence including making ammunition; repairing arms; arms-raids; the burning of a British Army shooting range in Ticknock; the blowing up of the Magazine at Marine, Dundrum; mail-raids; felling trees; trench-digging; waiting to ambush Crown Forces around 20 times at Sandyford, Lamb Doyle’s, Ticknock etc. and an attack on a British Army lorry in Stillorgan. In 1921 he took part in three separate raids on the home of a Mr. Cross on Ballycorus Road, Kilternan, Dublin where British intelligence officers were staying, the second attack in February 1921 saw their Company Quartermaster receiving “five bullets in his stomach” and the third raid in April 1921 saw their Officer Commanding Andrew McDonnell wounded in action. During the Truce period he took part in IRA training camps in Ticknock for 5 months, Blackrock for 2 months and Cabinteely Barracks for 3 months. Taking the anti-Treaty side in the Civil War he was sent to Blessington in Wicklow where was involved in sniping at National Army forces for about three weeks in area between Crooksling and Blessington. He went on the run for six months before returning back to work.
William Rownan (Ronan in the military archive). Volunteer, C Company, 3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1888 died on the 8th of September 1965, aged about 28 years old at the time of the Rising. Fought at Clanwilliam House and Mount Street Bridge. He was deported after the surrender and interned until August 1916. He re-joined the Company on reorganisation and served throughout the War of Independence. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War.
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Ryan was part of the Tipperary team which played Dublin in Croke Park on Sunday the 21st of November 1920 when Crown Forces killed 14 people and wounded another 54. He was Battalion Vice Commandant of the 3rd Tipperary Brigade during the War of Independence. He joined the Irish Volunteers before the 916 Rising, in March 1916 he was promoted to Company Captain and was one of a number of Volunteers drilled by Sean Tracy in readiness for the order from headquarters that the Volunteers in Tipperary might be ordered to link up with Cork. He was arrested for drilling in 1918 and sentenced to nine months in prison. He took part in the attack on Hollyford Barracks and Drangan Barracks and served under Dan Breen in the Flying Column in the Comeragh Mountains where they spent the Christmas of 1920. On Bloody Sunday he was stepping up to take a free kick when the bullets started to fly and he saw Michael Hogan, after whom the Hogan stand is named, fall in the middle of the field. He took the Pro-Treaty side in the Civil War and joined the National Army reaching the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He died at him home Glenavon House on the Ballymun Road Dublin on the 24th of December 1980.
Michael Saunders. Volunteer, G Company, 1st Battalion, Irish Volunteers. Died on the 30th of January 1961 at Saint Columcille's Hospital, Loughlinstown, County Dublin. Fought at North Brunswick Street, Church Street, the Four Courts, Blackhall Place and The Bridewell on Chancery Street. It escaped arrest or capture after the Rising. During the War of Independence he served with the Lixlip Company, Kildare Brigade, I.R.A. and was involved in the burning of the Barracks' at Celbridge and Leixlip in 1920 and the blowing up Bridges on Main Road Leixlip in January and February 1921. He was mobilised for a number of attempted attacks and operations and took part in an attack on British forces at Stacumney, County Kildare on the 4th of July 1921. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War and was interned in Mountjoy from July 1922 to the 23rd of January 1923.
Somers Daniel Charles.
Daniel Somers. C Company, 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Died on the 7th of January 1962. Fought at GPO and Jacob's Biscuit Factory on Bishop Street. He was not arrested or captured after the surrender. He re-joined the Volunteers and served throughout the War of Independence and took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War. He assisted in organising the Dalkey Company. During the War of Independence, he was involved in destroying Ballybrack Barracks and was appointed Company Captain of Dun Laoghaire and Dalkey districts. He assisted in organising a raid on Dun Laoghaire Barracks and that took part in raids for arms at various properties. He was arrested on the 17th of November 1921 and sentenced to five years before been released in January 1922. During the Civil War he was involved in armed ambushes of National Forces at Ulverton Road and Glenalua House. He was involved in intelligence work and carried dispatches. He was arrested and held for ten days prior to the cease fire.
Smith Philip Patrick.
Saunders (Sanders) Charles and Ellis Alfred.
Buried together in plot South West S1 85 are two British soldiers who died during the fighting in Dublin during the 1916 Rising.
Difficult to find information on both men, neither applied for pensions or medals. Sean Foley OC Deansgrange Company compiled a list of members who served between the 11th of July 1921 and the 1st of July 1922, the list was compiled in February 1935. In the list Foley indicates which side each member took in the Civil War.
Mark Sinnott, F Company (Deansgrange) 6th Battalion. Address Monaloe Cabinteely, Civil War Free State.
Bridget Stewart aged 11, 3 Pembroke Place Ballsbridge. She died in the Royal Hospital Baggot Street, cause of death was gunshot wound to the chest, haemorrhage and shock.
Patrick Stanley is listed in a nominal roll compiled by Joseph O’Rourke in 1935 which listed all the members of G Company (Dalkey) serving in 1921, he is listed living at 9 Hill Cottages Killiney.
Stopford Green Alice.
30th of May 1847 – 28th of May 1929
Irish Historian and Nationalist.
She was born Alice Sophia Amelia Stopford in Kells, County Meath. Her father Edward Adderley Stopford was Rector of Kells and Archdeacon of Meath. Her paternal grandfather was Edward Stopford, the Church of Ireland Bishop of Meath, and she was a cousin of Stopford Brooke and Mother Mary Clare. From 1874 to 1877 she lived in London where she met the historian John Richard Green. They were married in Chester on 14 June 1877. He died in 1883. John Morley published her first historical work Henry II in 1888.
In the 1890s she became interested in Irish history and the nationalist movement as a result of her friendship with John Francis Taylor. She was vocal in her opposition to English colonial policy in South Africa during the Boer Wars and supported Roger Casement's Congo Reform movement. Her 1908 book The Making of Ireland and its Undoing argued for the sophistication and richness of the native Irish civilisation. She was active in efforts to make the prospect of Home Rule more palatable to Ulster Unionists and was closely involved in the Howth gun-running.
She moved to Dublin in 1918 where her house at 90 St Stephen's Green became an intellectual centre. She supported the pro-Treaty side in the Irish Civil War and was among the first nominees to the newly formed Seanad Éireann in 1922, where she served as an independent member until her death in 1929. She was one of four women elected or appointed to the first Seanad in 1922.
Patrick Supple (Pádraig) Kimmage Garrison, Dublin Brigade, Irish Volunteers. Born in 1897 died on the 4th of August 1945, aged about 19 years old during the Rising. Fought in the G.P.O. On Friday the 28th of April 1916 he was wounded and brought to Jervis Street Hospital. Following the Easter Rising he was interned until December 1916. He joined the Liverpool Company in 1919 and was able to secure arms from a local priest that he transported arms to boats bound for Ireland. He took part in raids for passports, the burning of a farm at Chilwald. He was involved in the burning of the home of Kerr, a member of the British forces, in Harewood Street, Liverpool while he was garrisoned in Ireland. In June 1921 he was appointed Battalion Quartermaster. During the Truce Period he transported arms from Glasgow to Liverpool. Took no part in the Civil War.
George Synnot aged 59, 98 Haddington Road Dublin. Died on the 30th of April 1916. He was a member of the Church of Ireland, occupation clerk. He was shot dead when he left his house on Haddington Road to buy tobacco, shortly after leaving his home he was hit three times with buck shot. He was taken into Beggars Bush Barracks by Major Harris where Captain Hackett of the Royal Army Medical Corps attended to him. He was a native of County Westmeath and is buried in Deansgrange cemetery Dublin. Also recorded as Synnott.
Michael Walker, G Company 2nd Battalion Irish Volunteers. Joined the at inaugural meeting held in the Rotunda in 1913. Being a well know cyclist, as was his brother John they were given the special duty of notifying men of the Company at short notice anything relating to Company activities. On the Sunday of the surrender both Michael and John managed to avoid capture but were arrested on the Tuesday and eventually ended up in Stafford Jail in the UK. He served throughout the War of Independence and did not take part in the Civil War.
Patrick Whelan Adjutant, D Company, 6th battalion, Dublin brigade, IRA. Born in 1902 died on the 6th of May 1972. During the War of Independence he trenched roads and cut telephone wires, burned three postal cars, was involved in the capture and censoring of mail, raided for arms and enforced the Belfast Boycott, arranged an attack on a British post at the Base, Dun Laoghaire and was involved in an attack on British forces at Sandycove Harbour. He was arrested in May 1921 and interned at Dublin Castle and Arbour Hill, he was released in June 1921. During the Truce Period he raided for arms and spent a week in Barnaculla training camp and did police duty and was involved in taking over Cabinteely barracks. He took the Anti-Treaty side in the Civil War and was involved in the captured of two dispatch riders at Cabinteely. He was involved in the destruction of Cabinteely barracks, he blocked roads and cut telephone wires and was involved in an attack at Carlisle Pier. He was arrested August 1922 and paroled two months later as his father was dying. He was captured again and spent a month at the Naval Base in Dun laoghaire before escaping. After escaping he was involved in two attacks on Dalkey Railway Station and was involved in burning a train at Killiney.
Richard Waters was a civilian killed during the 1916 Rising. On the morning of Tuesday the 25th of April a car travelling towards the city centre was ordered to halt by Volunteers as it approached Mount Street Bridge. Anticipating British reinforcements would use this route when travelling from Kingstown the Volunteers had set up an ambush. The car was driven by a Captain of the Royal Army Medical Corps, who, that morning was giving a lift to an official of the Bank of Ireland College Green. As the car crossed the Bridge Volunteers in Clanwilliam House opened fire, the Bank Official was shot and fatally wounded, he was taken to Sir Patrick Dun’s Hospital where he died later that day. The dead man was Richard Waters of Recess Blackrock County Dublin. He was 48 years old when he died.
Woodcock Robert, Walsh Kate and Scherzinger Abslone.
Robert Woodcock, buried in Deansgrange on the 29th of April. His death certificate records he died in Saint Vincent’s Hospital on the 27th of April, he was 33 years old and unmarried. The Freemans Journal, June 10th 1916, reports: Killed in the Disturbances – Permission was granted by the Dean’s Grange Burial Board to Mr. Woodcock of Thomas Street Dublin, to disinter the body of his brother, who has been buried at Dean’s Grange after being accidently shot in the recent rising. While the area Woodcock was buried in was being cleared 2014 a headstone with the name Robert Woodcock, it is likely the disinterment did not take place because Robert Woodcock buried with others without coffins and the bodies were decomposed to such a degree the disinterment did not take place. The new headstone was erected in 2016.
Kate Walsh. Although referred to as Annie Walsh in the Irish Times book of the Sinn Fein Rising Handbook in the Deansgrange register she is recorded as Kate, she was buried on the 29th of April.
Scherzinger Abslone (AKA Shergine Joseph and Shergoing). He was a clock maker from Germany, he was killed in Percy Place which is close to Mount Street Bridge on Wednesday the 26th of April. He was 68 years old and lived at Haddington Road Dublin.